COVID-19

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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From COVID and the year 2019. The format was established by the World Health Organization (WHO) and is to be used for the names of future outbreaks.[1][2][3]

Proper noun[edit]

COVID-19

  1. (pathology) A disease caused by a coronavirus discovered in 2019, in a zoonotic pandemic starting in Wuhan, Hubei, China.
  2. (virology, metonymically) Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2; the virus which causes the disease.

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

(disease):

(virus):

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NBC News, "Coronavirus gets official name from WHO: COVID-19", Erika Edwards, 11 February 2020
  2. ^ BBC News, "Coronavirus officially named Covid-19, says WHO", 11 February 2020
  3. ^ Agence France Presse, "Novel coronavirus named 'Covid-19': UN health agency", AFP News Agency, 11 February 2020

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
en Wikinews has news related to this article:
Wikinews en

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Abbreviation of coronavirus disease + 19 from 2019, the year the virus was discovered. Coined by the World Health Organization on February 11, 2020. Intended to avoid stigma by not referring to a place, animal, career, or group of people.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

COVID-19

  1. (pathology) COVID-19 (disease)
    diagnosed with COVID-19
    Synonyms: coronavirus disease 2019, 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, Wuhan pneumonia, Wuhan flu
    Hypernym: COVID
    Coordinate terms: pneumonia, acute respiratory disease, severe acute respiratory syndrome, Middle East respiratory syndrome
    • 2020 January 11, “Coronavirus”, in World Health Organization[1]:
      Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.
    • 2021 February 12, “Coronavirus (COVID-19) update”, in U.S. Food & Drug Administration[2]:
      This week, the FDA issued an emergency use authorization (EUA) for a a monoclonal antibody combination for the treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients
    • 2021 July 23, “COVID-positive man boards Indonesia flight disguised as wife”, in Aljazeera[3]:
      Indonesia reported a record daily number of 1,566 COVID-19 deaths on Friday, taking total fatalities to 80,598, data from the country’s COVID-19 task force showed.
  2. (virology, metonymically) SARS-CoV-2 (virus that causes the COVID-19 disease)
    Synonyms: China virus, Chinese virus, Wuhan coronavirus, Wuhan flu, Wuhan virus (all colloquial and sometimes offensive), kung flu (offensive)
    Hypernyms: virus, coronavirus
    Coordinate terms: influenza, MERS-related coronavirus, SARS-related coronavirus
    • 2020 January 11, “Coronavirus”, in World Health Organization[4]:
      Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment.
    • 2021 February 5, “Redoubling public health measures needed due to COVID-19 virus variants”, in World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe[5]:
      As we enter the first months of 2021, increasing numbers of reports of variants of the COVID-19 virus mark a new development in the pandemic.
  3. The COVID-19 pandemic which began in early 2020.
    Many diabetics have been dying, especially during COVID-19.
    • 2022, Paul Martin, Stevienna de Saille, Kirsty Liddiard, Warren Pearce, “Conclusion:Thinking about 'the Human' during COVID-19 Times”, in Stevienna de Saille, Paul Martin, editors, Being Human During COVID-19:
      The pandemic has helped cement a view of the human as collective, prosocial, and sharing a common bond between all people. This shared experience of living (and dying) during COVID-19 has proved a unifying force.
    • 2022, Roland Duculan, Deanna Jannat-Khah, Xin A. Wang, Carol A. Mancuso, “Psychological Stress Reported at the Start of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Subsequent Stress and Successful Coping in Patients With Rheumatic Diseases: A Longitudinal Analysis”, in Journal of Clinical Rheumatology, volume 28, number 5, →DOI:
      A second insight offered by our study is that several stresses apparent at the start of COVID-19, such as adapting to working from home, persisted during the pandemic, and new stresses emerged.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

French[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

COVID-19 m or f

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Covid-19
    • 2020, M. Underner, J. Perriot, G. Peiffer, N. Jaafari, “COVID-19 et modifications du comportement tabagique [COVID-19 and changes in smoking]”, in Revue des Maladies Respiratoires, →DOI:
      La COVID-19, apparue en Chine en décembre 2019, est due à un nouveau coronavirus, le coronavirus 2019, à l’origine de la pandémie actuelle.
      COVID-19, which appeared in China in December 2019, is a novel coronavirus, the 2019 coronavirus, which is the origin of the current pandemic.
    • 2021 February 15, “Données sur la COVID-19 au Québec [Data on COVID-19 in Quebec]”, in Québec[6]:
      Au Québec, pour le moment, la propagation du coronavirus (COVID‑19) est sous contrôle, mais les présentes semaines sont critiques.
      In Quebec, for the moment, the transmission of coronavirus (COVID‑19) is under control, but the next weeks are critical.

Italian[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

COVID-19 f

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Covid-19

Portuguese[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

COVID-19 m or f

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Covid-19

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English COVID-19.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: CO‧VID-19
  • IPA(key): /ˌkovid najnˈtin/, [ˌko.vɪd naɪ̯nˈtin]
  • IPA(key): /ˌkobid najnˈtin/, [ˌko.bɪd naɪ̯nˈtin]

Noun[edit]

COVID-19 (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜓᜊᜒᜇ᜔ ᜈᜌ᜔ᜈ᜔ᜆᜒᜈ᜔)

  1. COVID-19

Further reading[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ko˧˧ vit̚˧˦ mɨəj˨˩ t͡ɕin˧˦], [ko˧˧ vit̚˧˨ʔ mɨəj˨˩ t͡ɕin˧˦]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [kow˧˧ vit̚˦˧˥ mɨj˦˩ t͡ɕin˦˧˥], [kow˧˧ vit̚˨˩ʔ mɨj˦˩ t͡ɕin˦˧˥]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [kow˧˧ vɨt̚˦˥ mɨj˨˩ cɨn˦˥], [kow˧˧ vɨt̚˨˩˨ mɨj˨˩ cɨn˦˥] ~ [kow˧˧ jɨt̚˦˥ mɨj˨˩ cɨn˦˥], [kow˧˧ jɨt̚˨˩˨ mɨj˨˩ cɨn˦˥]
  • Phonetic: cô vít mười chín, cô vịt mười chín

Proper noun[edit]

COVID-19

  1. COVID-19

Synonyms[edit]

  • (COVID-19): Cô Vy (colloquial)