Category:Dutch non-standard strong verbs
This category includes dutch verbs which are strong, but don't fit in any other category.
The three j-present verbs of class 6 have become irregular. They historically decline with 'e'-'oe'-'oe'-'a(a)'. Now they decline irregularly, two have taken 'ie' in the past tense, all three have taken separate vowels in the participle: scheppen schiep geschapen ("to create"), heffen hief geheven ("to lift, raise"), zweren zwoer gezworen ("to swear an oath").
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