Category:Russian adjectives with Zaliznyak short form special case 2

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This category contains Russian adjectives where the lemma form ends in -нный (with two н's) but all short forms end in only one . An example is подве́рженный (podvéržennyj, subject to, liable to, prone to)}, with short forms подве́ржен, подве́ржена, подве́ржено, подве́ржены. All past passive participles in -нный decline this way in their short forms, and most or all adjectives that decline this way are past passive participles in origin. Contrast special case 1, where only the short masculine singular is irregular in having only a single . Note that many terms decline both ways, declining as special case 2 as a participle and as special case 1 as an adjective. An example is отвлечённый (otvlečónnyj), with short forms отвлечён, отвлечена́, отвлечено́, отвлечены́ when functioning as the past passive participle of отвле́чь (otvléčʹ, to distract, to divert) but with short forms отвлечён, отвлечённа, отвлечённо, отвлечённы when functioning as an adjective meaning "abstract". For yet other terms, there are three possibilities: special case 2 as a participle, and either special case 1 or 2 as an adjective, depending on meaning. Often the meaning difference is between experiencing a given feeling and expressing that feeling; for example, влюблённый (vljubljónnyj) has short forms влюблён, влюблена́, влюблено́, влюблены́ when functioning as the past passive participle of влюби́ть (vljubítʹ, to cause to fall in love) and also when functioning as an adjective meaning "amorous (i.e. experiencing feelings of love, of a person)", but has short forms влюблён, влюблённа, влюблённо, влюблённы when functioning as an adjective meaning "amorous (i.e. expressing feelings of love, of a look, tone, etc.)".

Pages in category "Russian adjectives with Zaliznyak short form special case 2"

The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 3,344 total.

(previous page) (next page)

В

(previous page) (next page)