China

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See also: china and čhína

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Wikipedia

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

A reconstruction of the extent of various Chinese realms since the Zhou.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin China, from Persian چینی ‎(Čini, Chinese; porcelain), compound of چین ‎(Čin, China) and the suffix ـی ‎(-i, -y, forming adjectives), from Middle Persian 𐭰𐭩𐭭 ‎(Čīn, China), ultimately from Sanskrit चीन ‎(Cīna, the Chinese; China) of uncertain etymology. It is usually thought to be derived from Qin ‎(Qín), the westernmost ancient Chinese state, but other theories have been proposed, including derivation from Jin (), Jing (), or the Zina of Yelang (夜郎 ‎(Yèláng)). See "Names of China" at Wikipedia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China ‎(usually uncountable, plural Chinas)

  1. A nation or civilization (中華) occupying the country around the Yellow, Yangtze, and Pearl Rivers in East Asia, taken as a whole under its various dynasties and inclusive of Taiwan.
    • 1555, Richard Eden translating Peter Martyr as The Decades of the Newe Worlde..., folio 230 verso:
      The great China, whose kyng is thought... the greatest prince in the worlde.
  2. The principal state in this country (中國), internationally recognized as the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国) since the 1970s.
    • 1971 December 6, "A Size-up of President Nixon: Interview with Mike Mansfield, Senate Democratic Leader", in US News & World Report, p. 61:
      'Only a Nixon' Could Go to China
  3. (obsolete) A Chinese person.
  4. (obsolete) Alternative form of cheyney: woollen stuff; items made or filled with cheyney.
  5. (botany) Short for China rose: various flowers.
  6. (botany, beverages) Short for China tea.
  7. (rhyming slang) Alternative form of china: a mate, a friend.
  8. (rare) A female given name.
    • 2001, Susan Wittig Albert, Bloodroot, Berkley Publishing Group, ISBN 9780425188149, chapter 1, 3:
      My name is China Bayles. I'm the owner of Thyme and Seasons and the co-owner, with Ruby Wilcox, of a new tearoom called Thyme for Tea.
    • 2014 Neil D. A. Stewart, The Glasgow Coma Scale, Constable & Robinson, ISBN 978-1-47211-268-2, page 159:
      'What's her name, this girl?' The fight had hoarsened Lynne's voice, and the words came out strangely staccato - a wooden doll that had just learned to speak.
      'China,' he mumbled, feeling an obscure desire to invent a pseudonym for her.
      'What an interesting name.'
      Angus struck the table edge hard. 'Aw, don't gies it.'
      'I don't know what you mean. Or is it a nickname? Fragile, is she?'
  9. Towns in Maine and Texas in the United States.
  10. A town in Nuevo León in Mexico.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Afrikaans Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia af

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch China.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China

  1. China

Asturian[edit]

Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ast

Proper noun[edit]

China f

  1. China (country in east Asia)

Related terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China n

  1. China (country)

German[edit]

German Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia de

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈçiːna/, /ˈʃiːna/
  • (southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland) IPA(key): /ˈkiːna/

Proper noun[edit]

China n ‎(genitive Chinas)

  1. China (country)

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia id

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China

  1. (nonstandard, now possibly derogatory) China (country)
  2. (nonstandard, now possibly derogatory) Chinese (language)

Alternative forms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In Indonesia, this term is still also in common use, but (as of March 2014) it is rarely used by most Indonesian-language media and is no longer used by the Indonesian Government because of the extremely offensive nature of the standard form Cina.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Interlingua Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ia

Proper noun[edit]

China

  1. China (country)

Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ms

Etymology[edit]

From English China, from Middle Persian [script needed] ‎(ṣīn, Chinese; porcelain), probably from Sanskrit चीन ‎(cīna, a people of south-eastern Tibet).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China

  1. China (country)
  2. Chinese (language)

Alternative forms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pt

bandeira da China

Etymology[edit]

From Persian چین ‎(čīn, China), from Middle Persian 𐭰𐭩𐭭 ‎(čīn, China), ultimately from Sanskrit चीन ‎(cīna).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China f

  1. China (a country of Asia)

Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:China.


Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China f

  1. China (country)

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia es

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China f

  1. China (country)

Related terms[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China

  1. Alternative form of Uchina