China

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See also: china and čhína

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
A reconstruction of the extent of various Chinese realms since the Zhou.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Portuguese China, from Persian چین‎ from Middle Persian 𐭰𐭩𐭭(čīn, China), from Sanskrit चीन (cīna, the Chinese; China) of uncertain etymology. It is usually thought to be derived from (qín, “Qin”), Middle Chinese: (MC d͡ziɪn), Old Chinese: (OC *zin), the westernmost ancient Chinese state, but other theories have been proposed, including derivation from (jìn, “Jin”), Middle Chinese: (MC t͡siɪnH), Old Chinese: (OC *ʔsins), (jīng, “Jing”), or the Zina of 夜郎 (Yèláng, “Yelang”). See "Names of China" at Wikipedia.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, US) enPR: chī'nə, IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃaɪnə/, [ˈt͡ʃ(ʰ)aɪ̯nə]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪnə

Proper noun[edit]

China (usually uncountable, plural Chinas)

  1. A nation or civilization occupying the country around the Yellow, Yangtze, and Pearl Rivers in East Asia, taken as a whole under its various dynasties.
    Synonyms: Cathay (used for medieval northern China, now archaizing), greater China (inclusive of Taiwan, non-Han autonomous regions, and the SARs, but not always all Chinese claims), Han, Han Chinese civilization
    • 1555, Richard Eden translating Peter Martyr as The Decades of the Newe Worlde..., folio 230 verso:
      The great China, whose kyng is thought... the greatest prince in the worlde.
    • 1884, Mark Twain, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
      If he tells them to build a palace forty miles long, out of di'monds, and fill it full of chewing gum, or whatever you want, and fetch an emperor's daughter from China for you to marry, they've got to do it—and they've got to do it before sun-up next morning, too.
  2. The People's Republic of China, the principal state in this country.
    Synonyms: Celestial Kingdom, Flowery Kingdom, Middle Kingdom
    • 1971 December 6, "A Size-up of President Nixon: Interview with Mike Mansfield, Senate Democratic Leader", in US News & World Report, p. 61:
      'Only a Nixon' Could Go to China
    • 2017, Donald J. Trump, speech at Make America Great Again Rally, Harrisburg, PA
      And I met with the President of China at great length in Florida, and we had long, long talks—hours and hours and hours.
  3. Synonym of mainland China
    from Macau to China
  4. (rare) A female given name transferred from the place name.
    • 2001, Susan Wittig Albert, Bloodroot, Berkley Publishing Group, →ISBN, chapter 1, 3:
      My name is China Bayles. I'm the owner of Thyme and Seasons and the co-owner, with Ruby Wilcox, of a new tearoom called Thyme for Tea.
    • 2014 Neil D. A. Stewart, The Glasgow Coma Scale, Constable & Robinson, →ISBN, page 159:
      'What's her name, this girl?' The fight had hoarsened Lynne's voice, and the words came out strangely staccato - a wooden doll that had just learned to speak.
      'China,' he mumbled, feeling an obscure desire to invent a pseudonym for her.
      'What an interesting name.'
      Angus struck the table edge hard. 'Aw, don't gies it.'
      'I don't know what you mean. Or is it a nickname? Fragile, is she?'
  5. An unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Indiana, United States.
  6. A town in Kennebec County, Maine, United States.
  7. An unincorporated community in Howell County, Missouri, United States.
  8. A hamlet in Delaware County, New York, United States.
  9. A small city in Jefferson County, Texas, United States.
  10. A municipality and town in Nuevo León, Mexico.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See China/translations § Proper noun.

Noun[edit]

China (plural Chinas)

  1. (obsolete) A Chinese person.
  2. (obsolete) Alternative form of cheyney: woollen stuff; items made or filled with cheyney.
  3. (botany) Clipping of China rose: various flowers.
  4. (botany, beverages) Clipping of China tea.
  5. (rhyming slang) Alternative form of china: a mate, a friend.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Afrikaans Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia af

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch China.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Asturian[edit]

Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

Proper noun[edit]

China f

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Related terms[edit]


Central Huasteca Nahuatl[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China

  1. China (a country in Asia)

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China n

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Galician[edit]

Galician Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia gl

Proper noun[edit]

China f

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

German Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia de

Etymology[edit]

From Persian چینی(čini, Chinese; porcelain), compound of چین(čin, China) and the suffix ـی(-i), from Middle Persian 𐭰𐭩𐭭(čīn, China), ultimately from Sanskrit चीन (cīna).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈçiːna/, /ˈʃiːna/
  • (southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland) IPA(key): /ˈkiːna/
  • Hyphenation: Chi‧na

Proper noun[edit]

China n (genitive Chinas, plural China)

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • The plural China refers to the People's Republic of China (German: Volksrepublik China (short: VR China), Festlandchina, Rotchina) and the Republic of China (Taiwan) (German: Republik China (auf Taiwan), Inselchina).

Hunsrik[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China n

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)
    Das waar im China gemach.This was made in China.

Further reading[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From English China.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China

  1. (nonstandard, now possibly derogatory) China (a country in eastern Asia)
  2. (nonstandard, now possibly derogatory) Chinese (language)

Usage notes[edit]

In Indonesia, this term is still also in common use, but (as of March 2014) it is rarely used by most Indonesian-language media and is no longer used by the Indonesian Government because of the extremely offensive nature of the standard form Cina.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Interlingua Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ia

Proper noun[edit]

China

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English China, from Middle Persian [script needed] (ṣīn, Chinese; porcelain), probably from Sanskrit चीन (cīna, a people of south-eastern Tibet).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)
  2. Chinese (language)

Occitan[edit]

Occitan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia oc

Proper noun[edit]

China f

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Derived terms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt
bandeira da China

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Hindi चीन (cīn) and ultimately from Sanskrit चीन (cīna).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China f

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Quotations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:China.


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Sanskrit चीन (cīna).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China f

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Shona[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From -china (fourth), counting the days of the working week from Monday.

Noun[edit]

China class 7

  1. Thursday

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Chinese .

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China f

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

China

  1. Alternative form of Uchina