Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
English citations of al
See also Citations:ál.
Noun: mulberry (not in italics)
- 1872, P. L. Simmonds, Science and commerce: their influence on our manufactures, page 477:
- The roots of the al tree of Malabar and other parts of India, Morinda tinctoria, found abundant in all the Asiatic islands, are extensively used as a dyestuff for giving a scarlet colour.
- 1881, L. Liotard, Memorandum on dyes of Indian growth and production, pages 49 and (quoting Mr. Buck) 80:
- [...] also the five varieties M. augustifolia, bracteata, exserta, tinctoria and another, by Roxburgh, besides other varieties also, almost all producing dye in their roots and found in various Provinces of India and known as above mentioned, viz., Indian madder, or manjit, or al, or chayroot.
- [...] ¶
- Land designed for al is sown with spring crop for two of three years, but is not manured.
- 1917, an anonymous author or F. W. Smither, Dyeing materials in the Philippines (originally published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Arts, 65, pages 533–4, in 1917?), in Chemical Abstracts published by the American Chemical Society, volume 2, (September–December), page 3440:
- Bancudo is the al dye of India; it does not dye cotton directly. Cotton mordanted with tannin is colored dark red with bancudo. Black dyes are secured from Heritiera litoralis Dry. (dongon late), a common coastal tree, [...]
- 1936, Vernon Quinn, Seeds: their place in life and legend, page 67:
- The natives call it nonu, which means "red," because from the tree they get a rich red dye, the al dye of India.
- 1939 January, Science Digest, page 56:
- From their native home these air-buoyed seeds of the al-tree have floated across the Indian Ocean to the tropic coast of Africa, and they have spread the tree generously throughout the East Indies and the South Sea Islands.
- 1969, Selections from Educational Records of the Government of India, voume 4, Technical Education in India, 1886-1907, edited by K. D. Bhargava, page 189:
- The merits of the al-dye, when known, might lead to an extended use of al-dyed fabrics.
Noun: mulberry (in italics)
- 1883, George Watt, Economic products of India exhibited at the Calcutta international Exhibition, 1883-84, volume 1, page 43:
- Any of the preceding species may be used as Al or Ach in the production of the red colour obtained from the roots of M. citrifolia.
- 1895, The Agricultural Ledger, number 9, page 1:
- AL DYE—VARIOUS FORMS OF MORINDA. [...] An Enquiry into the present condition of the Al-dyers and of the growers of Al-root: [...]
- 1908, George Watt, The Commercial Products of India, page 669:
- They first killed the maddar dye of Europe, then the safflower, the lac and the al dyes of India, and are now advancing rapidly with synthetic indigo, [...]
- 1993, Ruth Barnes, Indian block-printed cotton fragments in the Kelsey Museum, page 94:
- The purple-brown in Cat. No. 53 was achieved with alizarin, as found in the chay root (C.I. Natural Red 6), as well as with morindone fom al or suranji (C.I. Natural Red 18).
- 2006, Rashtra Vardhana, Floristic Plants of the World, volume 2 (E–Q), page 565:
- M. tomentosa Heyne ex Rothb (Syn. M. tinctoria var. tomentosa Hook. f.). A small tree, found throughout the greater parts of North India and Deccan Peninsula. Root bark yields the al dye.