1797, John Adams, A Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States, page 62
In the thirteenth century, a new method of appointing the doge, by the famous ballot of Venice, a complicated mixture of choice and chance, was adopted.
1843, Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (Great Britain), Penny Cyclopaedia, Vols. 25-26, "Venice", page 236
About A.D. 1094, under the doge Vitale Faliero, was established a supreme court of justice for the city of Venice, called 'Judges of the Palace,' and thus was taken from the doge the judicial power in appeal which he formerly exercised.