Crăciun

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See also: Crãciun

Romanian[edit]

Romanian Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

The etymology has been highly disputed, it is unclear whether the word is of Latin or of Slavic origin.

Many scholars propose one of several possible Latin derivations, either from calātiōnem (calling, summoning), or from Latin creātiōnem (accusative of creātiō (creation, creature), with the meaning derived from that of the creation or birth of a child, e.g. Jesus' birth on Christmas. Compare the archaic meaning of Spanish criazón (person or child living in a house under the authority of another), of the same origin (see crío and criar); compare also Sardinian criatzione (creation; creature, child) and Neapolitan criatura (child). The Romanian word had an older, archaic meaning of “birth” in church or religious usage, and is also used for the holy image of Christ's birth. Other less frequently endorsed Latin etymologies include: Latin Christī (Christ's) followed by an uncertain second root, such as iēiūnium (fast); compare Albanian Kërshëndella, from Christī nātāle (Christ's birth), or Latin (in)carnatiōnem (incarnation), crastinum (tomorrow, the morrow). See also the Romanian suffix -ciune.[1]

However, beside Aromanian Crãciun, there is a clearly related Slavic word, dialectal Bulgarian and Macedonian Крачу́н (Kračún, winter solstice, Christmas), and Slovak Kračún (winter solstice, Christmas), also passed into Hungarian karácsony (Christmas). A genuine Slavic etymology would be Proto-Slavic *korčiti (to step, said of the sun “stepping forth” after winter solstice), indicating that the Romanian word is a Bulgarian loan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /krəˈtʃjun/, [krəˈt͡ʃun]
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Crăciun n (plural Crăciunuri)

  1. Christmas

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Crăciun m or f (genitive/dative lui Crăciun)

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crăciun in DEX online - Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language)