From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: fräulein, fraulein, and Fraulein



Middle High German vrouwelīn (mistress, young unmarried noblewoman), equivalent to Frau +‎ -lein


  • IPA(key): /ˈfʁɔɪ̯laɪ̯n/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ˈfʁɔlaɪ̯n/ (colloquially, especially northern and central Germany)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪ̯n


Fräulein n (strong, genitive Fräuleins, plural Fräuleins or Fräulein)

  1. Diminutive of Frau (but not freely applicable)
  2. (dated, address for an unmarried woman) miss
    Guten Morgen, Fräulein Schmitz!Good morning, Miss Schmitz!
  3. miss, young woman (especially a shop assistant)
    Würden Sie mir kurz helfen, junges Fräulein!Would you help me please, miss!
  4. young lady, missy (said jokingly or rebukingly to a little girl)
    So, jetzt reicht's aber, Fräulein!All right, that's enough, young lady!
  5. (obsolete) A female animal or person

Usage notes[edit]

  • Fräulein as a formal address for an unmarried woman is now uncommon and considered disrespectful and sexist by some. Frau is the normal address for all women.
  • As an informal address for a girl or young woman whose name one does not know, particularly a shop assistant, the word is still fairly common, though chiefly restricted to older speakers. It is advisable to avoid it in order to be on the safe side.



Further reading[edit]