Goídel

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See also: Goidel

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Brythonic ancestor of Welsh Gwyddel (Irishman), from Proto-Celtic *wēdus (wild), from Proto-Indo-European *weydʰ- (wood, wilderness) (compare Old English wāþ (hunt)).[1]

Medieval Irish traditions, including the Lebor Gabála Érenn, trace the origin of the Goídels to an eponymous ancestor, Goídel Glas, but this is not held to be the actual etymology of the word.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡoːi̯ðʲel/

Noun[edit]

Goídel m (genitive Goídil, nominative plural Goídil)

  1. Gael

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative Goídel GoídelL GoídilL
Vocative Goídil GoídelL Goídelu
Accusative GoídelN GoídelL Goídelu
Genitive GoídilL Goídel GoídelN
Dative GoídelL Goídelaib Goídelaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
Goídel Goídel
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
nGoídel
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 408
  • Goídel” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.