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Alternative forms[edit]


From Wade-Giles romanization of Mandarin 新竹 (Hsin¹-chu²)

Proper noun[edit]


  1. A city in northern Taiwan, sixth largest city in Taiwan, southwest of Taipei.
    • 1880, Reports on Trade at the Treaty Ports for the Year 1879[1], Shanghai, page 181:
      The removal of the Prefect from Teukcham to Banka was what was required to consolidate the city, and when that occurred in May last, progress set in with vigour. With the Prefect's departure from Teukcham occurred a change in the name and constitution of that place. It ceased to be called Teukcham, receiving in place of this the name of Hsinchu, and being converted from a t'ing into a hsien. It is now known as Hsinchu-hsien (新竹縣).
    • 1895, George G. Chisholm, editor, Formosa (Longmans' Gazetteer of the World)‎[2], Longmans, Green, and Co., page 538:
      A railway has been constructed from Kelung to Hsinchu near the W. ct., in 24° 50'N., and its continuation to Tainan is projected.
    • 1903, James W. Davidson, editor, The Island of Formosa Past and Present[3], page 331:
      Now that the Imperial Body Guard was to be principally engaged to the south of Teckcham (Hsinchu) H.I.H. Prince Kitashirakawa removed his headquarters from Taipeh to Teckcham on the 31st of July. The arrival of His Highness was quite an event for the Teckham Chinese, and they turned out in large numbers at the station to welcome him.
    • 1912 January 19, “Imperial Taiwan Railways”, in Railway Age Gazette[4], volume 52, number 3, New York, page 94:
      The removal of the capital of the island of Formosa from Tainanfu, on the coast, to Taipeh, gave Governor Liu Ming Chuan an excuse to construct a railway between the capital and the coast in spite of the opposition in Peking. In 1889 a twelve-mile line connecting Tuatutia and Saitingka was opened to traffic. The work was continued until 1893, at which time 62 miles were opened to traffic between Hsinchu and the northern port of Keelung. At this period the Peking government issued an order to suspend further construction work. All the collieries were closed, and, with the exception of passenger traffic there was little activity in transportation.
    • 1947 April 18, John Leighton Stuart, Memorandum on the Situation in Taiwan (United States Relations with China With Special Reference to the Period 1944-1949)‎[5], number 169, U.S. Government Printing Office, page 929:
      On the night of March 2, word reached Taipei that the Governor actually had attempted to get troops to the city. Citizens near Hsinchu city, however, were reported to have halted the troop carriers by removing rails from the main line.
    • 2019 April 14, “President Tsai attends Formosat-7 send-off ceremony”, in Office of the President of the Republic of China (Taiwan)[6]:
      President Tsai Ing-wen traveled to Hsinchu City to take part in send-off activities for the Formosat-7 satellite on the morning of April 14. In addition to commending the hard work and accomplishments of the entire research and development team over the years, President Tsai also hailed Formosat-7 as a milestone in promoting Taiwan's technological diplomacy, noting that she expects it will display the brilliance of Taiwan's aerospace technology on the international stage.
    • 2020 August 31, Tiffany May, “Girl in Taiwan Is Swept High by a Kite”, in New York Times[7]:
      The girl, who was identified by news outlets only by her last name, Lin, landed mostly unscathed at the Hsinchu International Kite Festival. She suffered abrasions around her neck and face, the mayor of Hsinchu, Lin Chih-chien, wrote in a Facebook post on Sunday. She was admitted to a hospital for a medical examination, he said.
  2. A county in northern Taiwan.