Index:Proto-Indo-European/b

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Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



b[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*bʰeyH-
*bʰeh₂ǵos *beech1 2 3
*bʰleh₃-s-
*bʰlou-/bʰleu-
*bʰreus- *to swell1 2
  • to swell, blow, inflate1
*bʰelǵ- *beam, pile, prop1
*bʰerəḱ-
**bʰuH- *to be1 2 3
*bʰeudʰ- *to wake, rise up1
*bʰel
*bʰrgʰ- *fortified elevation1 2
*bʰlē-dʰ-
*bʰug̑- *ram1 2 3
*bʰreh₁g-
*bʰars-
*bʰágo-
*bʰeh₂-mā-
*bʰerǵʰ- *to take care of, protect, preserve1
  • to take care1
  • to protect, preserve1
  • height1 2 3 4
*bʰas- *to bind1
*bʰūgʰ- *to bend1 2
*bʰeredʰ- *to cut1
*bʰaḱeh₂
*bʰor- *to protrude; bristle, spike, tip, awn1
*bʰoldʰyo-
*bʰū- *to appear, become, rise up1
  • to grow, swell1
  • to swell, wax, grow1
*bʰeid- *to strike, push, shock1
  • to split1 2 3
  • to break, bite1
  • to break, split1
**bʰer-, *bʰer-(r) *brown1
  • brown, shining1 2 3 4
  • brown animal1
  • to rip, cut, split, grate1
  • bʰēr-1
  • to boil, seethe1
  • to bear, bring forth1
  • to bear, carry1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  • to rend, tear, cut, split1 2
  • to bore, pierce1 2 3 4 5
  • to scrape, to cut1
**bʰuH- *to become1 2
*bʰou- *to grow, swell1 2
*bʰerem- *protrusion, tip, edge1
*bʰrē- *to carry, transport1
**bʰewdʰ-
*bʰelg'- *thick plank, beam, pile, prop1 2 3
  • beam, pile, prop1 2 3
*bʰr̥tis *the act of carrying1
*bʰoso-
*bérg(ʷ)-os *unfriendly1
*bʰreHg
*bʰrē- *to carry1
  • to bear1 2 3
  • to carry, transport1
  • to carry, bear1 2
*bʰreuh₁-
*bʰeus- *dross, sediment, brewer's yeast1
*bʰr̥ǵʰn̥tih₂
*bʰudʰ-mn
*bʰerw-
*bʰri-s-
*bʰāos
*bʰōw- *to blow, swell1
  • to dwell1 2
  • to swell, be strong or numerous1
  • to swell, grow, thrive, be, live, dwell1 2
*būs- *to swell, stuff1
*bʰik-
*bʰoyǝ- *to frighten, be afraid1 2
*bʰrodʰos
*bʰelyō
*bus-
*bʰau- *to beat, strike, hew1
*bak
*bowokyo-
*baba- *to talk vaguely, mumble1 2 3
*bʰeHw- *to swell, puff1
*bʰr̥Hǵós
*bʰérus
*bʰlh̥₃oto
*bau- *to bark1
*bʰle- *to swell, blow up1 2
*bʰer-mn
*bʰelǵʰ- *to swell1
*bʰr̥-ti-
*bʰereg-
*bʰergʰ *height1 2
*bʰolyo- *leaf1 2
*bleh₃- *to bloom, to flower1
*bʰrgʰ *fortified elevation1
*bʰruHg
*bʰAd- *good1 2 3
*bʰoln- *a bubble1
*bʰreu- *shining, brown1
*bʰreue- *to boil, bubble, burn1
*bʰreus- *to swell, sprout1 2
*bʰerw-
*bʰelH- *white1
*be-bʰro-s
*bʰreh₁u-
*bʰÀu- *to beat, push, strike1
*-bʰor-
*bʰudʰn- *earth, bottom1 2
**bʰerǵʰ- *to hide, protect1
*bʰeyd- *to break, split1
  • to split1
*bʰAud-
*bʰeud- *to beat, push1
*bʰoik-
*bamb- *round object1
*bʰreg'- *to break1
*bʰreǵ- *to break1
*bʰōg-
*bʰēǵʰ-
*baitā- *woolen clothes1 2
**bʰuH- *to grow1
*bʰl-
*bʰAg- *back, buttocks1 2
*bʰrenu- *to burn1 2
  • burn, fire1 2
*bʰerno-
*bʰrag'-
*bak- *club, pointed stick, peg1
*bʰabʰ- *bean1
*bʰlo-to- *to gush, spurt1 2
*bʰeug- *to bend1
*b(e)lad- *to strike, beat1
*beu- *to swell1 2
*bʰ(o)h₁g- *to bake1 2
*bʰrēto- *exhalation from heat; steam1
*bʰendʰ- *to tie, bind1
  • to bind, tie1
  • to tie1 2
*bʰleh₃ *to thrive, bloom1
  • to bloom1
*-bʰi
**bʰuH-
*bʰā- *to say, speak1 2 3
  • to say, pronounce1
*bʰāt- *father, (elder) brother1
  • father, elder brother, brother1
*bʰAuǵ- *a kind of leaf-bearing tree1
*bʰi- *on, toward, from, by1 2 3 4 5
*bʰask- *to bind, bundle1 2
*bʰudʰ-mn̥- *bottom1
*bʰolǵʰ- *to swell1 2 3 4 5 6
*bʰenǵʰ- *thick1
  • thick, dense, fat1 2 3
*bʰeh₂os *utterance, saying1
*bʰī-
  • Old English: beo
  • Old Saxon: bia
*bʰeg- *to turn, curve, bend, bow1 2
*bʰulg'-
*bʰreyH-
*bʰolǵʰ- *leathern bag, pillow, mattress, paunch1
*bʰrewr
*bʰeg- *to break1
*bʰel- *to inflate, swell1
  • light, bright1 2 3
  • to sound, roar1
  • to gleam1
  • to sound, speak1
  • to shine1 2
  • to bloom1 2 3
  • light, bright.1 2
  • to thrive, bloom1
  • to blow, grow, swell1 2
  • to blow, swell1
  • wildcat1 2 3
*bʰaw-
*budno- *a kind of vessel, swelled-out shape; to swell1
*bʰres- *to crack, break, burst1
  • to burst, break, crack, split, separate1
*beus-
*bʰolH
*bʰodʰ- *plot, patch of ground1
*bʰedʰros
*bʰudʰ- *to (be) awake1 2
*bʰrūn- *grey, brown1 2 3 4
*bʰes- *to rub off, grind, sprinkle1 2 3
*bʰol- *to sound, to speak, to roar, to bark1
  • shiny, white1
*bʰeugʰ- *to take away, deliver1
*bʰōg- *to roast, bake1
*bʰeh₂go- *beech1 2 3 4
*bʰredʰe
*bʰr̥stís
*bʰlō(w)- *to thrive, flourish, bloom1 2
*bʰr̥dʰo
*bʰera- *to split, beat, hew, struggle1
  • to cut, scratch, split, rub, beat, hew, struggle1
*bʰéng̑ʰus *thick, dense, fat1
*bʰeh₂- *to speak1 2
*bʰlewas *light-coloured, blond, yellow1
*bʰlēw-
*bʰlews-
  • Serbo-Croatian: buha
*bʰérh₁ǵo-
*bʰrēḱ-
*bʰlē- *to inflate, swell1
*bʰendʰ- *bind1
  • to bind1
  • to tie, bind1 2 3 4
  • to tie1
*bʰolǵʰnis
*bʰeyə-
*bʰlaw- *weak, frightened1
  • frightened, weak1
*bʰreg- *to break1
*bʰosó
*bak(')- *pointed stick, peg1
*b(e)led- *to strike, beat1 2
*brAngʰ- *to press, squeeze1
*bʰog- *flowing water1 2
  • flowing water, brook, stream1
  • flowing water, stream1
*budn- *a type of vessel1
  • a kind of vessel1 2
*bʰa-bʰa-
*bʰerHǵ-o-
*bʰérHǵos
*bʰōl-
*bʰuǵ- *he-goat, ram1
*bʰÀud- *to beat, push1 2 3
*bʰorH-h₂ *hole1
*bʰel- *to inflate, swell1 2
  • to blow, inflate, swell, bubble1 2
  • to blow, to inflate, to swell1
  • to gleam1
  • to shine, be white1
  • to swell, inflate, blow1
  • to thrive, bloom1 2 3 4 5 6
  • to shine1 2
  • to blow, swell, inflate1 2 3
  • to blow, inflate, swell1
  • to swell, blow up1
*bʰre- *to break, crack1 2
*bʰrh₁ǵ-
*bʰeu- *to hit1 2
  • to swell, grow1
*bʰasḱ-
*bʰeh₁g̑ós *beech1
*bʰēgʰ- *to press, compel1
*bʰūgʰ- *to bend1 2
*bʰela- *light, bright1
*bʰerHǵeh₂
*bʰleh₃- *blossom, flower1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
*bud- *to swell1
  • to shoot, sprout1
*bʰl̥no
*bʰəgʰ-
*bʰudʰ-no-
*bʰərgʰ- *fortified elevation1 2 3 4 5 6
*bʰōw- *to swell, inflate1
  • to blow, swell1 2 3 4
  • to dwell1
*breme- *to hum, make a noise1
*bʰrū
*bʰiH-ti̯o
*bʰrem(e)-
*bʰeǵʰ-
*bʰlē- *to bloat, swell, bubble1
*bʰegʷ-
*bʰask-
*bʰeh₂mā-
*bʰeH₂- *to speak, say, tell1
*bʰeh₂-d₂l-ieh₂-
*bʰudʰno- *bottom1 2 3
*bʰeh₂ni-
*bʰrew- *to heat, boil, brew1
  • to boil, seethe1 2 3 4 5
*bʰeid- *to cleave, split, separate1 2
*bʰeidʰ- *to weave, bind1
*bʰeh₂g- *to distribute, allot1 2
*bʰAuǵ-
*bʰug- *ram1
*bʰēdʰ-
*bʰerǵʰ- *to protect, defend, save, preserve1
  • to protect, secure1
  • to shelter, protect, save, preserve1
  • to take care1 2 3
*bʰasḱ- *bundle1
*brodno- *to wander about1
*bʰeh₂u- *to be, become1
*bʰardʰ-
*bʰr̥ǵʰu-r-
*bʰarst- *prickle, thorn, scale1 2
*bʰlo- *to blossom, flourish1 2 3
*bʰruH
*bʰosós
*bʰī- *bee1
*bend- *pointed peg, nail, edge1
  • peg, tip, protruding point, edge1
*bʰerem-
*bʰā *shine1
  • Scottish Gaelic: bàn
*bʰud-
*bʰer(ə)ǵ- *birch tree1
*bʰewh₂-
*bʰelg- *beam, plank1 2 3
*bʰa- *say1 2
*bʰlōw-
**bʰuH-, *bʰew-(r), *bʰu-(r), *bʰuh₂-(r), *bʰeuH-(r) *to become, to grow, to appear1
  • to be1
  • to appear, become, rise up1 2 3
  • to become1 2
*bʰeikos
*bʰordʰeh₂
*bʰudʰm- *earth, bottom1 2
*bʰrēw- *wooden flooring, decking, bridge

1

**bʰruHg- *enjoy1
  • to use, enjoy1
  • to make use of1
  • to enjoy1
*balbal- *tongue-tied1
*bʰrendos
*bʰū *to grow1
*bʰreHi-
*bʰleu-
*bʰili- *harmonious, friendly1
*bʰn̥ǵʰu-
*bʰedʰ- *dig1
*bʰṛgʰ- *hill, mound1
*bʰugo *buck1
*bʰleg- *to shine1 2
*bʰruHg- *to use, enjoy1 2
  • to make use of, to have enjoyment of1 2 3 4 5
*bel- *to dig1
  • power, strength1 2 3 4
*bʰuH-l-
*bews- *dross, sediment, brewer's yeast1
*bʰōs- *light, brightness1
*bʰeh₂ǵós
*bʰerH-
*bʰebʰris
*bureue- *to boil, bubble, burn1
*bʰAl(w)- *illness, pain1
*bʰn̥dʰ-s-
*buk-
*bʰrēuā
*bʰago
*bʰil- *decent, good1
  • decent, good, harmonious, friendly1
*bʰl(e)h₁uos
*bʰow- *pit, hole1
*bu
**bʰuH- *to swell1
  • to become, be1 2
  • to exist, grow1
  • to be, become, appear1
  • to grow, become, appear1 2 3
  • to grow1
  • to blow, swell1
  • to grow, become, come into being, appear1 2 3
*bʰréi- *to cut, break1 2
*bʰardʰeh₂
*bʰeh₂-s-ri-
*bʰl̥ndʰ-
*bʰleu- *light, pleasant, fair (of weather)1
*bʰergo-
*bʰei- *to hit, beat1 2 3
*bʰagos-
*bʰre- *to burn, heat1
*bʰa- *to speak1
  • to say1
*bʰlāw- *yellow, grey, blue1 2
*bʰēgʰ-
*bʰoidʰ-
*bʰoh₂go-
*bʰAl- *to blow, inflate1
*bʰerH- *to pierce, strike1 2 3
*bʰāǵʰus *arm1 2
*brodnó- *to wander about*prattuz
*bʰoHu-
*bʰeudʰ- *to be awake, observe1
*bʰoyh₂- *to be frightened1 2
*bʰruh- *beam, bridge1
**bʰéreti
*bʰeh₂- *to speak1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  • to shine1
*bʰloh₃ro
*bʰūs- *to move quickly1 2
*bʰeregʰ- *high, elevated1
*bʰlendʰ- *to become turbid, see badly, be blind1
*bʰweH-t-
*bʰēlH-
*bʰōrH-n-
**bʰréh₂tēr *brother1 2 3 4 5 6 7
*bʰrHǵ- *birch1
*bʰū- *to grow, wax, swell, live, dwell1
  • to grow, swell1 2
  • to grow1 2 3 4
*bʰṛsti̯o-
*bʰēlHos
*bʰlAid- *pale, pallid1 2 3
**bʰewdʰ-(r) *to wake, rise up1
  • to be awake, fully perceive1
  • to be aware, comprehend1
  • to be awake, be aware, perceive adequately1
  • to comprehend, make aware1 2 3
  • to make aware1 2
  • to be awake, perceive fully1 2 3 4 5 6 7
*bʰébʰrus *beaver1
*bʰleg- *to shine1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  • to shine, burn, scorch1
  • to burn, shine1
  • to shine, white1
  • to burn, shine, scorch1
*bʰrest- *to separate, burst1 2 3
*bʰlei-
*bʰoydʰ-
*bʰar-
*bʰeidʰ- *persuade, agree1
*bʰereǵ-
*bʰrug- *fruit1
*bʰōr-
*bōul- *orb, round object, bubble1
  • bubble, round object1
  • round object, bubble1
*bʰeh- *to shine1 2 3
*bʰlH-i-
*bʰuHgos
*bʰardʰ-eh₂
*bʰlī- *light, pleasant, nice (of weather)1
*bʰrēǵ- *to shine1
*bʰṛkjō
*bʰr̥ǵʰs
*bʰe- *to warm1 2 3
*bʰereu-
*breun-
*bʰōgʰ-
*bʰlēdʰ-
*bul- *to swell1
*bʰā- *to say, speak1
  • to shine1 2
  • to say1 2
*bʰeydʰ- *to command, to persuade, to trust1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
**bʰer- *to boil up1
  • to carry1
  • shining, brown1 2 3 4
  • shining1
*bʰeyh₂- *to fear1
*bʰews- *dross, sediment, brewer's yeast1
  • dross, sediment1
*bal- *to shake, to dance1
*bʰrusdʰos
*bʰrǵʰ-ent- *high1
*bʰei-
*bʰAd- *good1
*bʰreud- *to break1
*bʰodʰHros
*balb-
*bʰidʰ- *to command1 2 3
  • pot, bucket, barrel1
*bolgʷ-
**bʰluseh₂ -> **plúsis *flea1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
*bʰāni-
*bʰeu-
*bʰergʰ- *high, heights1
*bʰlendʰ- *to become turbid, see badly, go blind1 2
  • blond, red-haired1 2
*bʰenǵʰ
*bʰerh2/3 *to hurry1
*bʰraǵ-
*bʰh₂ti-
*brust
*be-bʰru-s
*bu- *to make a dull, hollow sound1
  • to make a dull sound1 2 3
*bʰardʰ-eh₂- *beard1 2
*bʰlēw- *yellow, blond, grey1 2
*bʰag-
*bʰleyǵ-
*bʰlō-
*bʰol- *to flower; leaf1 2 3
*bʰol-yo-
*bʰlaw- *weak, frightened, timid1 2
*bʰebʰrus *beaver1 2