Index:Proto-Indo-European/p

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Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



p[edit]

term definitions referencing pages
*plúsis, *plews-(r), *plus-(r), *bʰluseh₂(r), *plows-(r), *psul-(r), *pusl-(r), *bʰluseh₂(r), *psul-(r), *plus-(r), *pusl-(r)
*plet-
*pang-
  • Old English: fon
*pōḱ-
*préti
*pāy-
  • to guard, graze, feed1 2
*pey-
  • to adore1 2 3
*pat-
  • to feed1 2
  • path; to go1 2 3
*pénkʷe-dḱomt-h₂
  • five-ten1
*pet-Vr-
*puk-so-
*pūr
*plehg-
  • to hit1
*plõro-
  • level, even1
*pū-
  • rottenness, pus1
  • to rot; pus1
  • to rot1
*peth₂-
  • to fall; fly1 2
*plō-
  • flow1 2 3
  • to fold1
*pewy-
*perg-
  • pole, post1
  • to frighten; fear1
  • board, beam, trunk1
*plÁt-
*poḱs-
  • Old Norse: fax
*peuk
*pleḱ-
  • to plait, to weave1 2 3 4
  • to plait, braid1
  • to weave1
*pl̥h₁-go
*plÀt-
  • broad, flat1
*péln-
  • skin, hide1 2
*potis
*pe(i)pel-
  • butterfly1
*poḱ-s-
  • to pluck1
*pleus-
  • to pluck1 2 3
*preisk-
*poid-
  • to abound in water, milk, or fat1
*peri-
  • around1 2
*pleh₁ḱ
  • to tear, peel off1
*prei-
  • to be fond of1
*peuǵ-
*p(e)t-tro-
  • who flies, bird1
*pau-
  • smallness1 2
  • few, little1 2
*peh₃-
  • drink1
*plat-
*pl̥h₁-
  • stronghold1 2 3
*pōlH
*plew-k-
*portiyo-
*poh₂yu-
*peḱu-
  • sheep1 2
  • livestock, domestic animals1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • livestock1 2 3 4
  • cattle1 2
*portiyos
*pénkʷrós
  • fifth1
*peimen-
  • girl1
*preti
*plī-
*pornóm
*pneu-
  • to gasp, pant, breathe1
*pōlo-
  • young of an animal1
*pet-
  • to spread out, extend1
  • shoulders, armful, fathom1
  • to fly1 2
*parǝt-
*pl̥n-
*pnew-
  • to breathe, sneeze1
*prep-
  • to appear1 2
*plōtus
*puh₂r-
  • fire1
*pēl(w)-
  • a kind of vessel1
*pih₃
  • Albanian: pi
*péh₂wōr
*peh₂-, *poh₂-(r)
*pik̑sk̑os
*pr̥H-
*puǵnos
*penkʷ-ros
*peuḱ-
  • prick, punch1 2 3
*plou(d)-
  • to flow1
*plek-
  • to weave1
  • to weave, braid1
  • weave1
*piHweryon-
*preysk-
  • fresh1
*pr̥s-
  • Old Armenian: առ
*pēḱ-
  • to clean, adorn1 2
*pr̥sḱé-
*prew-
*polto-
*pelu-
*pes-
  • penis1 2
*poi-
  • sap, juice1
*promo-
  • in front, forth1
  • front, forth1
  • forth, forward1 2
  • front, forward1 2
  • forward, front1
*perkʷ-
  • life, force, strength, tree1 2 3 4
  • tree, oak, fir1
*prey-
*plūno-
*prē-
  • to spray, inject, snort1
*plōw-
  • to pour, wash1 2
  • to flow, swim1 2
  • to float, swim, fly1 2
*preus-
*pelh
*palam-
*potni̯eh₂
*pontHo-
*ptel-
*puk-
  • Old English: fox
*posti
*penkʷēḱomt
*penkʷe
  • five1
*próti
*pak'-
  • to fasten, place1
*piHwerjon-
*por-
  • to give birth1 2
  • forward, through1 2 3
  • going, passage1 2
*pelem-
*ped-
*pal-
  • to swing, shake1 2 3 4 5
*peri
*polieh₂-
*per-
  • to ferry, put across1
  • to carry over, bring1
  • to put across, ferry1 2
  • to attempt, try, research, risk1 2
  • to spray, spritz, snort1
  • to try, risk1 2
  • next, of, out, through1
  • to hit1 2
  • forward, forth, over, beyond1 2
  • to bring or carry over, transfer, pass through1
  • to go over, through, very, exceedingly1
  • to try, dare, risk, danger1
  • to bring forth1 2 3 4
  • toward1 2 3
  • forward, out1
  • to cut, bore1
*penkʷēḱomth₂
*pelito-
*plag-
  • to roam, wander1
*perəm-
*per
  • exchange1
*pelH-
  • stronghold, fortification1
*puHtos
  • clean1
*priH-
*per-/pr-
*pouga
*prto-
*pasto-
  • solid1 2 3 4 5 6
  • solid, stable1
  • solid, stable, hard, thick1
*poh₂mn̥
*preh₂ey
*pélno-mo
  • membrane1
*pleu
  • to flow, to float1
*pereg-
*pāpel-
*phu-
*péh₂ur
*perə
  • front1
*pele-
  • to spread out, be broad, be flat1 2
  • to spread out, broad, flat1 2
  • broad, wide, flat1
  • broad, flat, plain1
  • flat, broad, plain1 2
*pone
*poyǝmn-
*pān-
  • fabric1
*pr̥ḱ-
*pro
  • Scottish Gaelic: ro
*pelw-
*peyḱ-
  • spot, color1 2 3
  • to paint, draw1 2 3
*pr-
  • before, formerly; through, throughout1 2
  • forward, through1
*pisd-eh₂-
*pow-ino-
*pr̥g-
*palo-
*ph₂tros
*plā-k-
  • wide and flat1 2 3
*pel(w)-
*peh₂ḱ-
  • to make fast, fasten1
*p(r)s(t)ē̆n-o
  • tits1
*pénkʷe-(d)ḱomt
  • five-ten1
*peyk-, *peik-(r)
*pl̥h₁nós
*persneh₂-
*pele(w)-
*pewǝ-
  • to beat, hew1
*pol̑-
*pilos
*pol-
  • to pour, flow, swim, fly1
*peys-
  • to crush1 2
*pÁig-
*pótis
  • master1 2
  • owner, master, host, husband1
*pleh₁
*pérde
*perkos
*peu-
  • to blow, to breathe1
  • to cleanse, purify1
*pl̥th₂ús
  • wide1
*pent-
  • to come, go1
  • to go, pass, bridge1
  • to walk, go1
  • to go, walk; way1 2
*pelǝ-
*pusl- -> *plúsis
  • flea1
*pan-
  • mud, slush, morass1 2 3
*plā-
  • flat, broad1
  • to strike, beat; to beat one's breast; to cry, weep1
*pātróm
  • food1
*pil-
  • one string of hair1 2
*plē-
  • to fill1
  • to fill; full1 2
*penkʷe-deḱm
*pekw-
  • to cook1
  • Old English: coc
*pero-
  • forward, beyond, around1
*ph₂tḗr
*pleud-
  • to flow1
*pl̥h₂emeh₂
*priHo-
  • dear1
*polwo-
*ponth₂-
*perḱ-
  • motley, coloured1 2 3 4 5 6
  • to ask, woo1
  • mottled, coloured1
  • spotted, motley, coloured1
*pórḱos
*prAgn-
  • pole, stalk1
*pAik-
*-poltos
  • -fold1
*pleh₁-
*pek'-
  • pluck out (hair, wool)1
*pel(e)(w)-
*peluko
*paulos
*pleh₂ros
  • floor1
*pēymen-
*pers-
  • rain, dust1
*pelh₁-
*phuku-
*peh₂ur
*plus- -> *plúsis
  • flea1
*pisḱ-
*prAng-
*pr̥-
  • to beat1
*plAwək-
  • hair, fibres, tuft1 2
*pēd-
*perkʷu-
  • tree, oak, pine1
  • coniferous forest, mountain forest, wooded height1 2
*prom-
  • forth, forward1 2 3
*peHg̑-
  • to fasten1
*preti-
*polh₁-
  • Old Irish: oll
*ph₂wṓr
*pelə-
  • to fill1 2
  • to wander1
*peku-
*pana
  • from1
*peik- -> *peyk-
  • colored, specked1
*par-
  • beam, log1
*peros
*prus-
  • to frost, freeze1
*pend-
*prijos
*peḱ-
  • to pluck out1 2
  • to comb, shear1
  • to pluck1 2 3 4 5 6
*pu-
*plăg
  • to strike1
*plH-i(e)h₂-
  • young female1
*pórt-h₂-u-
*pélu
  • many1
*péh₂wr̥-
  • bonfire1
*pā-
  • off, of1
*ptēr-
*plu-
*phōl-
*pol
  • to burn, be warm1
*pher-
*ph₂ent
*porḱ-
  • young swine, young pig1 2 3 4
*pléu-mon-
*peyǝ-
*pekʷ-
*ph₂ḱ-teh₂-
  • betrothal, engagement; betrothed (girl), fiancée, bride1
*poimen-
  • breast milk1 2 3
*penkwe
*preḱ-
  • to ask1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  • to ask, to ask someone's hand in marriage1
  • to woo, ask1 2
  • to ask, woo1 2 3
  • to ask, ask for1
*piHwer-
*pérkʷus
*pulh₂-
*pónteh₁s -> *pónt-h₁-s
  • path, road1 2
*pelno-
*pag-
  • to fix1
*pors-V́-
  • Old Armenian: առ
*peuk-
  • bushy hair1
  • thick-haired1 2
*pr̥ḱ-sḱ-
*pank-
  • Old English: fon
*pla-
  • flat, broad1 2 3
  • flat1
*peisk-
  • Scottish Gaelic: iasg
*puǵ-no-
*peta-
*porno-
  • feather1
*ph₂wéns
  • fire1
*pAig-
  • ill-meaning, bad1
  • ill-meaning, wicked1
*peysḱ-
*pleh₁yo-
  • Old Armenian: լի
*ph₂ḱ-ti(h₂)-
*pont- -> *pónt-h₁-s
  • path, road1 2
*pl̥-
*pel-
  • grey, bluish1
  • gray1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • container1
  • to cause to move, drive1
  • to gush, pour out, fill, flow, swim, fly1
  • gray, pale1
  • to spread; broad, wide1
  • grey1 2 3
  • to cover, wrap; skin, hide; cloth1 2
  • field, plain1
  • fallow1 2
  • skin1
  • to wander, roam1
*pro-
*peruti-
*plātno-
*ptā-
  • to fly1
*pértus
  • crossing1 2
*plēy-
*póds
*pōl-
*póyḱos
  • Old English: fah
*pleu-k
*paḱ-
  • to fasten, stick, place1
  • to fasten, fix, stick1
  • to fasten, place1 2 3
  • to link, to strengthen; joining, connection1
*plno-
  • full1
*plak-
*pres-
*puḱ-
  • tail1
*peh₂-tro
*peh₂u̯r̥
*patno-
*preg-
  • greedy, fierce1
  • greedy, violent1
*peh₂g-
*pou-
  • to blow; puff, blow1 2
*pénkʷe-dḱomt
  • five-ten1 2
*ptio-
  • Old Armenian: թի
*plews-(r) -> *plúsis
  • flea1
*plew-
  • to run, flow, swim, fly1
*perd-
*pek'us
*patrom
  • fodder1 2
*pónt-h₁-s, *pónteh₁s(r), *pont-(r)
  • path, road1
*peyHnos
*pleh₂k-
*plewo-
*ph₂wens
  • fire1
*plein-
  • metal arrow, hook, spear-head1
*pAks-
*pl̥h₂meh₂
*poh₂imen
*polh₁ús
  • much, many1
*perHo-
*prews-
*pénkʷe
*per(ǝ)ḱ-no-
*peh₂ǵ-
*paw-
  • few, small1
*plē(w)-
  • skin, hide1 2
  • to hide1
*paəwŗ-
*pṓlH-s
*poyHnos
*pAnk-
  • mud, rot, filth1 2
*poti
  • lord, master1
*plām-
  • palm of the hand1 2 3 4
*pl̥th₂us
*per + dʰ-o
*prōw-
  • right judge, master1 2
  • master, judge1 2 3 4 5 6
  • right; judge, master1
*py-
  • milk fat, cream; to grow fat1 2
*pekʷ
*pelios
*pik-
*pl̥h₁ús
  • much1
*p(e)h₂w-
  • end, edge1
*porḱos
  • fishing1 2
*pṓds
*plāg-
*penth-
  • to go, pass1
  • to go, pass; path, bridge1
*pl̥th₂-u̯-ih₂
*pāǵe-
  • to nail, fasten1 2
*pn̥kʷ-sti
  • fist1
*peig-
  • ill-meaning, evil-minded, treacherous, hostile, bad1
*pedóm
  • step, footprint1
  • step; bottom, floor1
*pr̥tʰ-
*pōlH-
*phel-
  • to shine1
*psul- -> *plúsis
  • flea1
*penkʷrós
*pleth₂os
  • breadth1 2
*pewH
*prāy-
*pello-
*pod-
  • vessel1
*pórs-ei
*pro-bhwo-
  • being in front1
  • being in front, prominent1 2 3
*powyo-
*poh₂imn̥
*pleu-
*peh₂s-
*psten-
  • breast1 2
*pezd-
*prēy-
  • to like, love1 2
  • like, love1 2 3
*pélu-
  • many1
*per(ǝ)ḱ-
  • mottled, multicoloured; a kind of speckled fish1
*pete-
  • to spread, stretch out1
*pu
  • to swell, blow1
*preysḱ-
*peh₂u-
*pleuk-
*peled-
  • moisture, wetness1
*pelh₂-
*plāk-
  • smooth, flat1
  • broad, flat, plain1
  • flat, broad, plain1
*pap-
  • pock mark, nipple1
*pi-
  • sap, juice1
*prH-
  • Old Irish: ar
*plH-ós
*pódm̥