Indo-European

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See also: Indoeuropean

English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Coined by Thomas Young in 1813, from Indo- +‎ European, relating to the geographical extremes in India and Europe (which was valid before the discovery of Tocharian languages in the early 20th century).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌɪndəʊˌjʊəɹəˈpiːən/
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Indo-European

  1. A major language family which includes many of the native languages of Europe, Western Asia and India, with notable Indic, Iranian and European sub-branches.
  2. Proto-Indo-European: the hypothetical parent language of the Indo-European language family.

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Further reading[edit]

Noun[edit]

Indo-European (plural Indo-Europeans)

  1. A member of the original ethnolinguistic group hypothesized to have spoken Proto-Indo-European and thus to have been the ancestor for most of India and Western Eurasia.
  2. (rare) A European living in India or the Indies.
    • 2020, Sujit Sivasandaram, Waves Across the South, William Collins 2021, p. 236:
      The sale of looted items persisted for a month, and quick profits were made by burghers and Indo-Europeans.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective[edit]

Indo-European (comparative more Indo-European, superlative most Indo-European)

  1. Of or relating to the languages originally spoken in Europe and Western Asia.
  2. Of or relating to the hypothetical parent language of the Indo-European language family. Also called Proto-Indo-European and abbreviated PIE.
  3. Of or relating to the hypothetical group of peoples that spread Indo-European languages.

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