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Borrowed from Arabic الْعِرَاق (al-ʿirāq, “Iraq”), of uncertain derivation. Possibly from Sumerian “Uruk” or “Warka” (Biblical “Erech”) region in the south of ancient Iraq. Medieval Arabic uses ‘Iraq’ as a geographical term for the area in the south and center of the modern Iraq. Some Arabic sources say that Iraq comes from عَرِيق (ʿarīq, “deep-rooted”), from عِرْق (ʿirq, “root”), while others say it is from Middle Persian's [script needed] (ˀl'k' /erāg/, “lowlands”), due to historic rule from Iraq's plateau-situated neighbor, Persia.
- (UK) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹɑːk/, /ɪˈɹak/
- (General Australian) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹak/
- (US) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹæk/, /ɪˈɹɑk/, /aɪˈɹæk/
Audio (US) (file)
Iraq (plural Iraqs)
- The Republic of Iraq, a country (since 1958) in the Middle East and Western Asia that borders on Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and Turkey, having Baghdad as its capital city.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
- Iraq (country)
- Alternative spelling of