Borrowed from Arabic الْعِرَاق (al-ʿirāq, “Iraq”), of uncertain derivation. Medieval Arabic uses ‘Iraq’ as a geographical term for the area in the south and center of the modern Iraq. Some Arabic sources say that Iraq comes from عَرِيق (ʿarīq, “deep-rooted”), from عِرْق (ʿirq, “root”), while others say it is from Middle Persian's [script needed] (ˀl'k' /erāg/, “lowlands”), due to historic rule from Iraq's plateau-situated neighbor, Persia.
- (UK) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹɑːk/, /ɪˈɹak/
- (General Australian) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹak/
- (US) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹæk/, /ɪˈɹɑk/, /aɪˈɹæk/
Audio (US) (file)
Iraq (plural Iraqs)
- A country in the Middle East and Western Asia that borders on Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, and Turkey, having Baghdad as its capital; modern Republic of Iraq (since 1958).
- (historical) An expansive historical region of medieval Western Asia, including not only the modern territories of Iraq but also large parts of western Iran (the so-called Persian Iraq).
- Synonym: Two Iraqs
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- Appendix:Countries of the world
- (countries of Asia) country of Asia; Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, China, Cyprus, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen
- Iraq (country)
From Italian and/or English Iraq, from Arabic عِراق (ʿirāq). The pronunciation with /ʔ/ is probably spelling-based, but perhaps reinforced by a learned understanding that the Arabic ق (q) corresponds to Maltese q.
- Alternative spelling of