The origin of the city's name is uncertain. Older spellings include Ulixbona and Ulixbuna (in the Visigothic era); Ὀλισσιπών (Olissipo) or Ὀλισσιπόνα (Olissipona) (by Greek writers), Olisippo (by Pliny the Elder), and Ulyssippo (by Pomponius Mela of Hispania), the last of which relates to the first-century Roman folk etymology that it was founded by and named after Ulysses; another common folk etymology is the Phoenician Alis-Ubo "safe harbour."
Another possibility, based on hydronomy of the area, derives the name from a pre-Roman substrate of Iberia's appellation for the Tagus, Lisso or Lucio.
- The capital of Portugal and of the district of Lisbon.
- A district of Portugal.
- A sweet, light-coloured wine from Portugal.
- ^ Jack Malcolm, Lisbon: City of the Sea: A History (2007)