Mass

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See also: mass, maß, Maß, Mass., and måss

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English messe, from Old English mæsse and Old French messe, both from Late Latin missa, from Latin mittō (to send, dismiss), compare French messe. In the ancient churches, the public services at which the catechumens were permitted to be present were called missa catechumenorum, ending with the reading of the Gospel. Then they were dismissed with the words: "Ite, missa est", the congregation is dismissed. After that the sacrifice proper began. At its close the same words were said to those who remained. So the word gave the name of Mass to the sacrifice in the Catholic Church. Compare Christmas, Lammas, Mess a dish, Missal. Doublet of missa.

Noun[edit]

Mass (plural Masses)

  1. (Roman Catholic Church) The principal liturgical service of the Church, including a scripture service and a eucharistic service, which includes the consecration and oblation (offering) of the host and wine. One of the seven sacraments.
  2. A similar ceremony offered by a number of Christian churches.
  3. (music) A musical composition set to portions of the Mass.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortening.

Proper noun[edit]

Mass

  1. (informal) Massachusetts

Anagrams[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mass m

  1. A male given name.

Usage notes[edit]

Patronymics

  • son of Mass: Massson
  • daughter of Mass: Massdóttir

Declension[edit]

Singular
Indefinite
Nominative Mass
Accusative Mass
Dative Massi
Genitive Mass

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Mass

  1. Switzerland and Liechtenstein standard spelling of Maß.

Further reading[edit]

  • Mass in Duden online

Luxembourgish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin. Cognate with English mass, German Messe, Danish messe, Dutch mis.

Noun[edit]

Mass f (plural Massen)

  1. mass (religious service)
  2. Mass (the Eucharist)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French masse.

Noun[edit]

Mass f (plural Massen)

  1. mass (great quantity)
  2. paste, dough
  3. (physics) mass, weight
  4. (electronics) earth, ground