Ordos

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See also: ordos

English[edit]

map showing relation of the Ordos Loop with modern Chinese provinces (fertile Loess Plateau shaded)
map of Ordos prefecture-level city, the built-up area in the narrower sense located in the eastern Dongsheng District (highlighted in yellow)

Etymology[edit]

"Ordos" means "palaces" in Mongolian; Ordos originally referred to a tribe belonging to the Yeke Juu (Ike Chao ‘great monastery’) league and later included the tribe’s area, hence the Ordos, or Ordus, the area within the big bend of the Yellow River. Mongolian ordu(n), ord ‘court, residence of a ruler; palace; camp’, also for 'camp bodyguards'. According to Ramstedt -s is a plural suffix; further: ordu, orda; Turkic orta ‘a center’; Mongolian > Turkish orda ‘camp’ > Hindi urdū > English “horde.” The name is sometimes claimed to be related to the eight white yurts (naiman tsagaan ger) of Genghis Khan.

Pronunciation[edit]

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Proper noun[edit]

Ordos

  1. A region of China, enclosed by the great northern bend of the Huang He and the Wei river to the south; also called Ordos Loop.
  2. The Ordos region proper: the area north of the Great Wall section that cuts across the Ordos Loop
    The Ordos region in the narrower sense is nomadic by history, in contrast to the agricultural and densely populated southeastern loess part that stretches up to the Wei river valley.
  3. Ordos prefecture-level city, contiguous with latter region in the northwest of the Ordos Loop, namely the part belonging to Inner Mongolia.
    Kangbashi District, the famous Chinese newly-built ghost town, lies in the mineral-rich region of Ordos, more precisely 25 km away from Dongsheng built-up area in Dongsheng District, the municipal seat.
  4. Ordos city in the narrower sense: the urban area located in Dongsheng District.
  5. A Mongolian dialect used in this city.

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