Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/bētom

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • *biyatom

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷeyh₃tom, from *gʷeyh₃- (to live). The by-form *biyatom is from a different formation from the same root.[1]

Noun[edit]

*bētom n

  1. food

Inflection[edit]

Neuter o-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *bētom *bētou *bētā
vocative *bētom *bētou *bētā
accusative *bētom *bētou *bētā
genitive *bētī *bētous *bētom
dative *bētūi *bētobom *bētobos
instrumental *bētū *bētobim *bētobis

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Brythonic: *buɨd
    • Middle Breton: boet, bouet
    • Old Cornish: buit
    • Middle Welsh: bwyt
  • Old Irish: bíad, bïad (from *biyatom)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ranko Matasović (2009), “*bēto-, *biyato-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 64