Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/ballos

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰel- (to swell).[1] Cognate with Ancient Greek φαλλός (phallós) and Latin follis.

Noun[edit]

*ballos m[1][2]

  1. member, penis

Declension[edit]

Masculine o-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *ballos *ballou *balloi
vocative *balle *ballou *ballūs
accusative *ballom *ballou *balloms
genitive *ballī *ballous *ballom
dative *ballūi *ballobom *ballobos
instrumental *ballū *ballobim *ballobis

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Irish: ball
  • Gaulish: *ballos[3]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Ranko Matasović (2009), “*ballo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic[1] (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 53
  2. ^ Koch, John (2004), “*ballo-”, in English–Proto-Celtic Word-list with attested comparanda, University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, page 217
  3. ^ Delamarre, Xavier (2003), “ballos”, in Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental [Dictionary of the Gaulish language: A linguistic approach to Old Continental Celtic] (Collection des Hespérides; 9), 3rd edition, Éditions Errance, →ISBN, page 65