Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/glēwos

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰley-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰel- (to shine). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *gliwēną (to shine, glitter)[1] (compare Old Norse gljá), Proto-Germanic *glīmaną (to shine) (compare English gleam), Ancient Greek χλιαίνω (khliaínō, warm).

Adjective[edit]

*glēwos[2]

  1. shining, clear, sparkling

Inflection[edit]

O/ā-stem
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *glēwos *glēwou *glēwoi
vocative *glēwe *glēwou *glēwūs
accusative *glēwom *glēwou *glēwoms
genitive *glēwī *glēwous *glēwom
dative *glēwūi *glēwobom *glēwobos
instrumental *glēwū *glēwobim *glēwobis
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *glēwā *glēwai *glēwās
vocative *glēwā *glēwai *glēwās
accusative *glēwam *glēwai *glēwams
genitive *glēwās *glēwous *glēwom
dative *glēwai *glēwābom *glēwābos
instrumental *? *glēwābim *glēwābis
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *glēwom *glēwou *glēwā
vocative *glēwom *glēwou *glēwā
accusative *glēwom *glēwou *glēwā
genitive *glēwī *glēwous *glēwom
dative *glēwūi *glēwobom *glēwobos
instrumental *glēwū *glēwobim *glēwobis

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Brythonic: *gluɨw
    • Old Breton: gloeu
    • Old Welsh: gloiu
  • Old Irish: glé
    Scottish Gaelic: glè
  • Latin: Glēvum

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Ranko Matasović (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN
  3. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “gloyw”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies