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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Apparently derived from an i-present to *steh₂- (to stand).



  1. to stiffen

Derived terms[edit]

  • *stih₂-yeh₂[2]
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: στία (stía, small stone, pebble)
    • Indo-Iranian:
  • *stih₂-yom[2]
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: στῖον (stîon, small stone, pebble)
  • *stoyh₂-nos[1][2]
  • *stoyh₂-neh₂[1][2]
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *stěna (stone; wall)


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) , “στία”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1405
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*staina-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 472