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This Frankish entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Germanic *wiljaną, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁- (to wish, will). Cognate with Old Saxon willian (to want), Old High German wellen, wollen (to want, choose), Old English willan (to will).



  1. to want


This verb originally had only subjunctive forms in the present tense. This subjunctive later became the new indicative, and a new analogical subjunctive was created to take its place. It is not certain if this had already occurred in Frankish.

The present stem was later replaced by *wold-. This change seems to have started in the Frankish/Franconian dialects, and did not spread to Old Saxon, and reached Upper German rather late. It is therefore not certain whether this change had already happened in Frankish.