From Proto-Germanic *wiljaną, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁- (“to wish, will”). Cognate with Old Saxon willian (“to want”), Old High German wellen, wollen (“to want, choose”), Old English willan (“to will”).
- to want
This verb originally had only subjunctive forms in the present tense. This subjunctive later became the new indicative, and a new analogical subjunctive was created to take its place. It is not certain if this had already occurred in Frankish.
The present stem was later replaced by *wold-. This change seems to have started in the Frankish/Franconian dialects, and did not spread to Old Saxon, and reached Upper German rather late. It is therefore not certain whether this change had already happened in Frankish.
|1st person singular||*williju||*welda|
|2nd person singular||*wilīs||*weldās, *weldōs|
|3rd person singular||*wilīd||*welda|
|1st person plural||*wil(l)īm||*weldum|
|2nd person plural||*wil(l)īd||*weldud|
|3rd person plural||*wil(l)īn||*weldun|
|1st person singular||*willijē||*weldī|
|2nd person singular||*willijēs||*weldī, *weldīs|
|3rd person singular||*willijē||*weldī|
|1st person plural||*willijēm||*weldīm|
|2nd person plural||*willijēd||*weldīd|
|3rd person plural||*willijēn||*weldīn|