Reconstruction:Proto-Afro-Asiatic/ħər

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This Proto-Afro-Asiatic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Afro-Asiatic[edit]

Noun[edit]

*ħər

  1. chief, master, overseer, superior[1]
  2. free[1]
  3. freeborn[1]
  4. freedom[1]
  5. freemen[1]
  6. noble[1]
  7. nobleman[1]

Descendants[edit]

  • Egyptian: ḥry (chief, master, overseer, superior”)
    Hr
    r
    Z4
    N1
  • Semitic:
    • Arabic: حُرّ (ḥurr, free, noble, freeborn)
    • Geez: ḥarāwi (“freeborn, nobleman”) [script needed]
    • Hebrew: חור \ חֹר (ḥōr, noble)
    • Sabaean: ḥrr (“freemen”) [script needed]
    • Tigre: ḥara (“free, freedom”) [script needed]
    • Tigrinya: ḥara (“free”) [script needed]
    • Turoyo: hirutho (“freedom”) [script needed]
    • Ugaritic: ḥrr (“free”) [script needed]
      • → (allegedly) Proto-Indo-Iranian: *áryas (Aryan, Indo-Iranian) (according to Oswald Szemerényi,[2][3] although this hypothesis has today generally been discarded)

References:[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Bomhard, Allan R.; Kerns, John C., “The Nostratic Macrofamily: A Study in Distant Linguistic Relationship”, 1994, ISBN 3110139006 , p. 533
  2. ^ Szemerényi, Oswald (1977), Studies in the Kinship Terminology of the Indo-European languages, Acta Iranica III.16, Leiden: Brill.
  3. ^ Mallory, J. P., “In Search of the Indo-Europeans”, 1989, ISBN 050005052X , p. 276