Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/abū

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep-.

Noun[edit]

*abū f

  1. river

Declension[edit]

Masculine/feminine n-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *abū *abone? *abones
vocative *abū *abone? *abones
accusative *abonam *abone? *abonams
genitive *abonos *abonows? *abonom
dative *abonē *abombom *abombos
instrumental *abonē *abombim *abombis

The Old Irish genitive singular abae apparently derives from an s-stem form like *abesos.

Descendants[edit]

  • Brythonic: *aβon
    • Middle Breton: auon
    • Cornish: avon
    • Middle Welsh: afon
    • English: Avon
  • Old Irish: aub, ab, ob, oub
  • Pictish: aber (confluence) (possibly)

Further reading[edit]

  • Matasović, Ranko, Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, 2009, →ISBN, page 23-24
  • Mills, David (2011): A Dictionary of British Place-Names, p. 2