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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.





Uncertain; possibly of "expressive" origin,[1] or perhaps related to Proto-Celtic *bakkos (hook, curved stick),[2] the latter possibly from Proto-Indo-European *bak- (peg, club).



*bekkos m[1]

  1. beak, snout


Masculine o-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *bekkos *bekkou *bekkoi
vocative *bekke *bekkou *bekkūs
accusative *bekkom *bekkou *bekkoms
genitive *bekkī *bekkous *bekkom
dative *bekkūi *bekkobom *bekkobos
locative *bekkei *? *?
instrumental *bekkū *bekkobim *bekkūis


  • Proto-Brythonic: *bek
  • Gaulish: *bekkos
    • Latin: beccus (see there for further descendants)

Further reading

  • Losquiño, Irene García (2018) “The North Germanic place-name element bec in England, Normandy and Galicia”, in Namn och Bygd[1], Gustav Adolfs Akademien, pages 14-20
  • Henry, Victor (1900) “bék”, in Lexique étymologique des termes les plus usuels du breton moderne (Bibliothèque bretonne armoricaine; III) (in French), Rennes: J. Plihon et L. Hervé, page 29


  1. 1.0 1.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009) “bek(k)o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 60
  2. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2024) “beak”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.