Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ.[1]

Noun[edit]

*kū m

  1. dog
  2. wolf
    Synonym: *wailos

Declension[edit]

Masculine/feminine consonant stem
singular dual plural
nominative *kū *kune *kunes
vocative *kū *kune *kunes
accusative *kunam *kune *kunams
genitive *kunos *kunou *kunom
dative *kunei *kunobom *kunobos
locative *kuni
instrumental *kune? *kunobim *kunobis

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Brythonic: *ki
    • Middle Breton: ci, qui
      • Breton: ki
    • Old Cornish: ci
    • Middle Welsh: ci, ki
  • Primitive Irish: ᚉᚒᚅᚐ (cuna, gen.sg.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 181