Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/karbantos

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain; possibly related to *korbos (wagon; basket)[1] (whence Old Irish corb (wagon)), though its irregular *k-bʰ root shape and a-vocalism probably point to a substrate language borrowing.[2] Perhaps cognate with Latin corbis (wicker-basket)[3], Proto-Germanic *hrepaz (basket) (Old Norse hrip, Old High German ref), Lithuanian krẽpšas (basket), kar̃bas (basket).

Noun[edit]

*karbantos m[2][4]

  1. (war) chariot
  2. wagon

Declension[edit]

Masculine o-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *karbantos *karbantou *karbantoi
vocative *karbante *karbantou *karbantūs
accusative *karbantom *karbantou *karbantoms
genitive *karbantī *karbantous *karbantom
dative *karbantūi *karbantobom *karbantobos
instrumental *karbantū *karbantobim *karbantobis

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 235
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “corbis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 135

References[edit]

  1. ^ Koch, John (2004), “*karba-”, in English–Proto-Celtic Word-list with attested comparanda, University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, page 379
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ranko Matasović (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic[1] (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages *karbanto-–190
  3. ^ MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas (1911), “Proto-Celtic/karbantos”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Stirling, →ISBN, page carbad
  4. ^ Koch, John (2004), “*karbanto-”, in English–Proto-Celtic Word-list with attested comparanda, University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, page 379
  5. ^ Delamarre, Xavier (2003), “carbanton”, in Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental [Dictionary of the Gaulish language: A linguistic approach to Old Continental Celtic] (Collection des Hespérides; 9), 3rd edition, Éditions Errance, →ISBN, page 105
  6. ^ Blažek, Václav (2008), “Gaulish Language”, in Studia minora Facultatis philosophicae Universitatis Brunensis, issue 13, Sborníku prací filozofické fakulty brněnské univerzity, page 48