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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *lew- (dirt, mud). Cognate with Latin lutum (dirt, filth), Ancient Greek λῦμα (lûma, dirt, filth) and Albanian lym (mud).


*lutā f[1][2]

  1. dirt, mud


Feminine ā-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *lutā *lutai *lutās
vocative *lutā *lutai *lutās
accusative *lutam *lutai *lutāms
genitive *lutās *lutous *lutom
dative *lutāi *lutābom *lutābos
locative *lutai *? *?
instrumental *? *lutābim *lutābis



  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*lutā”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 249-50
  2. ^ Koch, John (2004), “*lutā-”, in English–Proto-Celtic Word-list with attested comparanda, University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, page 225
  3. ^ Delamarre, Xavier (2003), “luto-, luteuo-, luteno-”, in Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental [Dictionary of the Gaulish language: A linguistic approach to Old Continental Celtic] (Collection des Hespérides; 9), 2nd edition, Éditions Errance, →ISBN, page 211