Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/makʷos

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • *makʷkʷos[1] (with secondary gemination)

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *mh₂ḱwos, from *meh₂ḱ- (to raise, grow). Compare Latin macer (lean, thin), Ancient Greek μακρός (makrós, long, tall), Proto-Germanic *magraz (lean, meager).[1]

Noun[edit]

*makʷos m[1]

  1. son

Declension[edit]

Masculine o-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *makʷos *makʷou *makʷoi
vocative *makʷe *makʷou *makūs
accusative *makʷom *makʷou *makoms
genitive *makʷī *makʷous *makʷom
dative *makūi *makʷobom *makʷobos
locative *makʷei *? *?
instrumental *makū *makʷobim *makʷūis

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Brythonic: *mab
    • Old Breton: map, mab
    • Old Cornish: mab, map
    • Old Welsh: map
  • Gaulish: mapos

From *makʷkʷos with secondary gemination:

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*makʷo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 253