Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/sīnā

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Suggested to be related to *sīniti (to stretch, extend) (whence Middle Irish sínid) and *sīros (long), from *seh₁- (long, lasting), compare semantics of French temps (time; weather), from Latin tempus (time; season), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *temp- (to stretch).[1]

Noun[edit]

*sīnā f[1]

  1. weather

Inflection[edit]

Feminine ā-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *sīnā *sīnai *sīnās
vocative *sīnā *sīnai *sīnās
accusative *sīnam *sīnai *sīnāms
genitive *sīnās *sīnous *sīnom
dative *sīnāi *sīnābom *sīnābos
locative *sīnai *? *?
instrumental *? *sīnābim *sīnābis

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Brythonic: *hin
    • Middle Breton: hynon, hinon ((nice) weather)
    • Middle Welsh: hin ((bad) weather, air)
      • Welsh: hin
        • Breton: hin (climate)
  • Old Irish: sín (bad weather, storm)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*sīnā”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 336