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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.





From earlier *agwjō, originally a substantive adjective related to *ahwō (water; stream, river), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ékʷeh₂ (water).





*awjō f[1]

  1. floodplain; meadow
  2. island


ō-stemDeclension of *awjō (ō-stem)
singular plural
nominative *awjō *awjôz
vocative *awjō *awjôz
accusative *awjǭ *awjōz
genitive *awjōz *awjǫ̂
dative *awjōi *awjōmaz
instrumental *awjō *awjōmiz

Derived terms



  • Proto-West Germanic: *auwju
    • Old English: īeġ, ēġ, īġ
      • Middle English: ei, i, ie
        • English: ey
    • Old Frisian: ā
      • Saterland Frisian: Äi
    • Old Saxon: ōia
      • Middle Low German: ouwe, ou, ow, ō (in compounds)
        • Low German: Oie
    • Old Dutch: ōi, *owe
    • Old High German: ouwa
      • Middle High German: ouwe
        • German: Au, Aue
        • Luxembourgish: A
  • Old Norse: ey, ei, æ
    • Icelandic: ey f, eyja f
    • Faroese: oyggj f, oy f
    • Norwegian Nynorsk: øy
      • Norwegian Bokmål: øy
    • Old Swedish: ø̄
      • Swedish: ö c
    • Danish: ø c
      • English: oe
    • Gutnish: oy
    • Old Irish: í f
      • Irish: í f
    • Old Norse: -ey (indicating island names)
      • English: -ey, -ay (in place names)


  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) “*aujō-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 41