Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/dalą

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *dʰol-, *dʰel- (an arch, vaulting, curve, curvature, cavity). Cognate with Proto-Slavic *dolъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*dalą n
*dalaz m

  1. valley, dale

Inflection[edit]

neuter a-stemDeclension of *dalą (neuter a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *dalą *dalō
vocative *dalą *dalō
accusative *dalą *dalō
genitive *dalas, *dalis *dalǫ̂
dative *dalai *dalamaz
instrumental *dalō *dalamiz
masculine a-stemDeclension of *dalaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *dalaz *dalōz, *dalōs
vocative *dal *dalōz, *dalōs
accusative *dalą *dalanz
genitive *dalas, *dalis *dalǫ̂
dative *dalai *dalamaz
instrumental *dalō *dalamiz

Usage notes[edit]

The West Germanic descendants are generally neuter (though Old High German tal is attested in both neuter and masculine), while the North Germanic descendants are masculine; the gender of the Gothic term cannot be determined. It is therefore unknown whether neuter *dalą or masculine *dalaz is the original form.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Old English: dæl
  • Old Frisian: *dal, del
  • Old Saxon: dal
  • Old Dutch: dal
  • Old High German: tal
  • Old Norse: dalr m
  • Gothic: 𐌳𐌰𐌻 (dal) or *𐌳𐌰𐌻𐍃 (*dals) (gender unclear)