Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/diurijaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown.[1][2]

One suggested derivation is from Proto-Indo-European *dʰegʷʰ- (to burn), which assumes a semantic shift of “to heat up” > “warming” > “dear, cherished”.[2] However, the semantic variation among descendants (see more at *diuriþō) may point to the original meaning having been “rare, scarce”. Alternatively, Guus Kroonen notes that this adjective is similar to Proto–West Germanic *dūrēn- (to grieve, regret, suffer) (whence German dauern, Middle English douren), ultimately a loan from Latin dūrus (tough, hard),[note 1] and may be a vṛddhi-gerundive thereof.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

*diurijaz

  1. dear, precious
  2. expensive

Inflection[edit]


Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Or instead, Kroonen suggests, possibly related to *drūrēn- (to mourn), perhaps by dissimilation of the first *r.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*deurja-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 94.
  2. 2.0 2.1 www.wissen.de: teuer