Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/gunþiz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰéntis (act of killing, blow), from *gʷʰen- (to strike, kill).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*gunþiz f

  1. battle

Inflection[edit]

i-stemDeclension of *gunþiz (i-stem)
singular plural
nominative *gunþiz *gunþīz
vocative *gunþi *gunþīz
accusative *gunþį *gunþinz
genitive *gunþīz *gunþijǫ̂
dative *gunþī *gunþimaz
instrumental *gunþī *gunþimiz

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

In addition to these regular words, the word also survives in many personal names such as Gunnar and the Spanish name Gonzalo.

  • Proto-West Germanic: *gunþi
    • Old English: gūþ (poetic)
    • Old Saxon: *gūthia (in compounds)
    • Old High German: *gundia, *gunda (in compounds)
  • Old Norse: guðr, gunnr