Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/kūz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws. Cognates include Armenian կով (kov), Latvian govs, Persian گاو(gāv), Sanskrit गो (), Latin bōs and Irish .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*kūz f

  1. a cow

Inflection[edit]

The exact inflection of this word is uncertain, but likely alternated between the stems *kū- and *kwō-. The former originates from an earlier *kwōu- in which the long vowel was assimilated to the adjacent labials.

consonant stemDeclension of *kūz (consonant stem)
singular plural
nominative *kūz *kwōiz
vocative *kū *kwōiz
accusative *kwǭ *kwōnz
genitive *kwōiz *kwōǫ̂
dative *kwōi *kwōmaz
instrumental *kwōē *kwōmiz

Descendants[edit]