Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/laikaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *leyg- (to bounce, shake, tremble).

Noun[edit]

*laikaz m[1]

  1. dance
  2. game, sport
  3. hymn

Inflection[edit]

masculine a-stemDeclension of *laikaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *laikaz *laikōz, *laikōs
vocative *laik *laikōz, *laikōs
accusative *laiką *laikanz
genitive *laikas, *laikis *laikǫ̂
dative *laikai *laikamaz
instrumental *laikō *laikamiz

Alternative forms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-West Germanic: *laik
    • Old English: lāc n or f
    • Old High German: leih
    • Old French: lai
      • French: lai
      • Middle English: lay
  • Old Norse: leikr
  • Gothic: 𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌺𐍃 (laiks)
  • Proto-Slavic: *likъ (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (2003), “*laikaz ~ *laikiz”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 233