Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/sa

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *só.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

*sa

  1. that

Inflection[edit]


Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Nominative
  • *sa (nominative singular masculine; OE and OS derive from related *sai)
    • Old English: , þe
      • Middle English: se, ze,
    • Old Saxon:
    • Old Norse:
    • Gothic: 𐍃𐌰 (sa)
    • (s- analogically replaced with þ- of the other forms)
      • Old English: þē
      • Old Frisian: thī, thā
        • Saterland Frisian: die
        • West Frisian: de, dy
      • Old Saxon: thē
        • Middle Low German: de
          • Low German: de
      • Old Dutch: thie
      • Old High German: dēr (also influenced by adjective inflection)

  • *sō (nominative singular feminine) (see there for further descendants)
  • *þat (nominative/accusative singular neuter) (see there for further descendants)
  • *þai (nominative plural masculine) (see there for further descendants)
  • *þôz (nominative/accusative plural feminine)
  • *þō (nominative/accusative plural neuter)
Accusative

For singular neuter, plural feminine, and plural neuter forms, see Nominative section above.


  • *þǭ (accusative singular feminine)

Genitive


Dative


Instrumental
  • *þanō (instrumental singular masculine/neuter)

  • *þaizō (instrumental singular feminine)
  • *þaimiz (instrumental plural)