Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ǵʰéslom

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *ǵʰes- (hand) +‎ *-lom, as if "full hand".

Numeral[edit]

Proto-Indo-European cardinal numbers
 <  100 1,000
    Cardinal : *ǵʰéslom

*ǵʰéslom n[1][2]

  1. thousand
    Synonym: *tuHsont-

Derived terms[edit]

  • *ǵʰéslom
    • Old Armenian: ձելի / զելի (jeli / zeli)
    • Old Armenian: ձեղի / զեղի (jełi / zełi)
  • *sm̥-ǵʰéslom
    • Old Armenian: անձել / անզել (anjel / anzel)
    • Old Armenian: անձեղ / անզեղ (anjeł / anzeł)
  • *ǵʰesl-i-yoy[2][3]
    • Proto-Hellenic: *kʰehliyoi[2]
  • *sm-ih₂-ǵʰésl-ih₂[2] (+ *sm̥- (one) + *-ih₂)
  • *sm̥-ǵʰéslom[1][3] (+ *sm̥- (one))

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “*g̑héslo-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 446
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Lipp, Reiner (2009) Die indogermanischen und einzelsprachlichen Palatale im Indoiranischen: Neurekonstruktion, Nuristan-Sprachen, Genese der indoarischen Retroflexe, Indoarisch von Mitanni (Indogermanische Bibliothek; 3) (in German), volume 1, Heidelberg: Winter, page 86
  3. 3.0 3.1 García Ramón, José Luis (2017–2018), “Chapter VII: Greek”, in Klein, Jared S.; Joseph, Brian D.; Fritz, Matthias, editor, Handbook of Comparative and Historical Indo-European Linguistics: An International Handbook (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft [Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science]; 41.2), Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter Mouton, →ISBN, § The morphology of Greek, page 667