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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.





From *ḱers- (to run) +‎ *-ós.



*ḱr̥sós (non-ablauting)[1][2][3]

  1. vehicle


nominative *ḱr̥sós
genitive *ḱr̥sósyo
singular dual plural
nominative *ḱr̥sós *ḱr̥sóh₁ *ḱr̥sóes
vocative *ḱr̥sé *ḱr̥sóh₁ *ḱr̥sóes
accusative *ḱr̥sóm *ḱr̥sóh₁ *ḱr̥sóms
genitive *ḱr̥sósyo *? *ḱr̥sóHom
ablative *ḱr̥séad *? *ḱr̥sómos
dative *ḱr̥sóey *? *ḱr̥sómos
locative *ḱr̥séy, *ḱr̥sóy *? *ḱr̥sóysu
instrumental *ḱr̥sóh₁ *? *ḱr̥sṓys


  • Proto-Celtic: *karros (wagon)[4][5] (see there for further descendants)
  • >? Proto-Germanic: *hrussą (horse)[2] (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic:
  • Proto-Italic: *korzos

See also



  1. ^ Mallory, J. P. with Adams, D. Q. (2006) “*k̂ers- 'to run'”, in The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 249
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) “*hursa-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 259
  3. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) “*kwarsär”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 253
  4. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*k̂ers- 'laufen'”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 355
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) “*karro-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 191-192
  6. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) “επίκουρος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 442