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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From *ḱers- (to run) +‎ *-ós.


*ḱr̥sós m[1][2][3]

  1. vehicle


nominative *ḱr̥sós
genitive *ḱr̥sósyo
singular dual plural
nominative *ḱr̥sós *ḱr̥sóh₁ *ḱr̥sóes
vocative *ḱr̥sé *ḱr̥sóh₁ *ḱr̥sóes
accusative *ḱr̥sóm *ḱr̥sóh₁ *ḱr̥sóms
genitive *ḱr̥sósyo *? *ḱr̥sóHom
ablative *ḱr̥séad *? *ḱr̥sómos
dative *ḱr̥sóey *? *ḱr̥sómos
locative *ḱr̥séy, *ḱr̥sóy *? *ḱr̥sóysu
instrumental *ḱr̥sóh₁ *? *ḱr̥sṓys


  • Celtic: *karros (wagon)[4][5] (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *hrussą (horse)[2] (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
  • Italic: *korzos

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., “*k̂ers- 'to run'”, in The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, 2006, →ISBN, page 249
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus, “*hurzōn-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2013, →ISBN, page 260
  3. ^ Adams, Douglas Q., “*kwarsär”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, 2013, →ISBN, page 253
  4. ^ “*k̂ers- 'laufen'”, in Rix, Helmut, editor, Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 2001, →ISBN, page 355
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko, “*karro-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, 2009, →ISBN, pages 191-192
  6. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P., “επίκουρος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2010, →ISBN, page 442