Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/déḱm̥

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Has been suggested to contain an element *ḱm̥t, possibly from *ḱomt (hand) (see Proto-Germanic *handuz), in which case *de-ḱm̥t could mean originally "two hands".

Numeral[edit]

cardinal number
10 Previous: *h₁néwn̥
Next: *dwi(h₁)dḱm̥ti

*déḱm̥ (uninflected, probably) (collective form: *déḱm̥t, ordinal: *déḱm̥tos, *deḱm̥Hós)

  1. ten

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Albanian: *detsati
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *dešimtis < *déḱm̥t,
  • Celtic: *dekam (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *tehun (see there for further descendants) < *déḱm̥t
  • Hellenic: *dékə <déḱm̥(t)
  • Indo-Iranian: *dáĉa < *déḱm̥ (see there for further descendants), *dáĉat < *déḱm̥t, *dáĉamás < *deḱm̥Hós
  • Italic: *dekem
    • Latin: decem < *déḱm̥ (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: *śäk