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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]



  1. to grow (of plants?)

Derived terms[edit]

  • *gʰroh₁-(y)e-ti (o-grade present)
    • Germanic: *grōaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʰroh₁-ni-s
    • Germanic: *grōniz (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʰréh₁-mn̥ ~ *gʰr̥h₁-mén-s or perhaps *gʰréh₁-s-mn̥ ~ *gʰr̥h₁-s-mén-s
  • *gʰreh₁-tó-s
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Anatolian:
      • Hittite: [script needed] (kariyant-, grass)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *grěnъ (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *grasą (cannot be directly from *gʰr̥h₁-s-)
    • Germanic: *grōsō


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill