Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂enh₁-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Likely of onomatopoeic origin.

Root[edit]

*h₂enh₁-[1][2]

  1. to breathe

Extensions[edit]

  • *h₂enh₁-ǵʰ-[3]
      • Proto-Armenian:
        • Old Armenian: անձն (anjn) (see there for further descendants)
      • Proto-Germanic:
        • Old Norse: anga (to exhale; to emit a scent)
    • h₂enh₁-ǵʰ-ō
      • Proto-Germanic:
        • Old Norse: angi (smell, scent)
    • *h₂enh₁ǵʰ-o-m

Derived terms[edit]

Unsorted formations
  • Proto-Albanian: *antā[7]
    • Albanian: ëndë (pleasure, delight)
  • Proto-Iranian: *HnaHha-
    • Kurdish:
    • Old Median:
      • Old Tati:
        Old Azari: هنای(hunāy, breathe)
    • Persian: هناهین(hanāhīn, (horse) noise)
    • Lurish:
      • Northern Luri: هناسه(henāsa)
        • Balagarivey: انه(ena, breathe)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *wyaHnás
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian:
    • Proto-Indo-Aryan:
      • Sanskrit: अनिल (ánila, air, wind) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Tocharian:
  • Proto-Tocharian: *ān (to breathe)
    • Proto-Tocharian: *ānelme (abstract form)[9]
      • Tocharian B: onolme (creature, being, person)

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “anjn”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 93
  4. ^ Meyer, Gustav (1891), “aj”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch der albanesischen Sprache (in German), Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, pages 5–6: “anjô”
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*anatlā”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 35
  6. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “āñme”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 43–44
  7. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “ëndë ~ andë”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 91
  8. ^ [2], هناسه in Dehkhoda Dictionary.
  9. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “onolme”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 121