Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/kéh₃tus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *keh₃- (to fight) +‎ *-tus.

Noun[edit]

*kéh₃tus m[1]

  1. fight

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *kéh₃tus
genitive *kh₃téws
singular dual plural
nominative *kéh₃tus *kéh₃tuh₁(e) *kéh₃tewes
vocative *kéh₃tu *kéh₃tuh₁(e) *kéh₃tewes
accusative *kéh₃tum *kéh₃tuh₁(e) *kéh₃tums
genitive *kh₃téws *? *kh₃téwoHom
ablative *kh₃téws *? *kh₃túmos
dative *kh₃téwey *? *kh₃túmos
locative *kh₃téw, *kh₃téwi *? *kh₃túsu
instrumental *kh₃túh₁ *? *kh₃túbʰi

Descendants[edit]

  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: [script needed] (kattu-)
  • Celtic: *katus (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *haþuz (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill