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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to rise, to be tall
  2. hill

Derived terms[edit]

  • (perhaps) *kl̥-né-H-ti ~ *kl̥-n-H-énti (nasal-infix present)
  • *kélH-mn̥ ~ *kl̥H-mén-s
    • *kl̥H-mṓ (on-stem)
      • *kl̥H-mós (thematicized)
        • Proto-Germanic: *hulmaz (hill, mound, small island) (see there for further descendants)
    • *kólH-mn̥ (o-grade)
  • *kl̥H-(l)o-m
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian:
      • Proto-Indo-Aryan:
  • *kl̥H-ní-s (hill)
    • Proto-Germanic: *hulliz (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Italic: *kolnis
      • Latin: collis (see there for further descendants)
  • *kolH-nó-s (hill)
  • *kolH-ō-no-s
  • *kolH-ō-neh₂
  • *kolH-weh₂
  • *kolH-bʰ-
  • Unsorted formations:


  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[2], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  3. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “käly-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 184-186