Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/kewh₂-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*kewh₂-[1][2]

  1. to hit, to strike
    Synonyms: *bʰew-, *dʰen-, *kelh₂-, *kret-, *meldʰ-, *pleh₂k-, *(s)kep-
  2. to forge

Derived terms[edit]

  • *kowh₂-e-ti (o-grade iterative)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *káuˀtei
    • Proto-Germanic: *hawwaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *kéwdʰh₁-e-ti (dʰh₁e-present)[3]
    • Proto-Italic: *kūdō (beat, knock) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Tocharian:[4]
Unsorted formations
  • Proto-Slavic: *kyjь (stick, club) (see there for further descendants)
    • >? Proto-Finnic: *kaatadak (to overturn; to spill, pour out)
  • Proto-Tocharian: *kāu- (kill, strike down, chop)[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  3. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “2.*keh₂u̯-¹”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 345-346
  4. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “kaut-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN
  5. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “kau-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 222