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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to hit, to strike
    Synonyms: *bʰew-, *dʰen-, *kelh₂-, *kret-, *meldʰ-, *pleh₂k-, *(s)kep-
  2. to forge

Derived terms[edit]

  • *kowh₂-e-ti (o-grade iterative)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *káuˀtei
    • Proto-Germanic: *hawwaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *kéwdʰh₁-e-ti (dʰh₁e-present)[3]
    • Proto-Italic: *kūdō (beat, knock) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Tocharian: [Term?]
      • Tocharian A: [Term?] (kot-)
      • Tocharian B: [Term?] (kaut-)[4]


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  3. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) , “2.*keh₂u̯-¹”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 345-346
  4. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) , “kaut-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN