Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/népōts

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

Due to the Greek form ἀνεψιός (anepsiós) some reconstruct initial laryngeal, rendering the reconstruction *h₂népōt. Alternative theory is that the Greek form reflects a compounded form *sm̥-neptiyos (co-grandson), expressing the reciprocity of the relation.

Noun[edit]

*(h₂)népōts m, f (oblique stem *(h₂)n̥pt-)

  1. grandson
  2. descendant
  3. (possibly) nephew

Usage notes[edit]

The meaning "nephew" is confined to the west and center of the IE world.

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, amphikinetic
singular
nominative *(h₂)népōts
genitive *(h₂)n̥ptés
singular dual plural
nominative *(h₂)népōts *(h₂)népoth₁(e) *(h₂)népotes
vocative *(h₂)népot *(h₂)népoth₁(e) *(h₂)népotes
accusative *(h₂)népotm̥ *(h₂)népoth₁(e) *(h₂)népotm̥s
genitive *(h₂)n̥ptés *? *(h₂)n̥ptóHom
ablative *(h₂)n̥ptés *? *(h₂)n̥ptmós
dative *(h₂)n̥ptéy *? *(h₂)n̥ptmós
locative *(h₂)népot, *(h₂)népoti *? *(h₂)n̥ptsú
instrumental *(h₂)n̥ptéh₁ *? *(h₂)n̥ptbʰí

Coordinate terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: nip (alternatively a Latin loanword)
  • Balto-Slavic:
    • Old Lithuanian: nepuotis
    • Slavic: *netьjь (< *neptiyos) (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *neɸūss
    • Old Irish: nia (sister's son)
  • Germanic: *nefô (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek: ἀνεψιός (anepsiós) (< *sm̥-neptiyos (co-grandson) or *h₂népōt)
  • Indo-Iranian: *nápāts (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *nepōts
    • Latin: nepōs (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]