Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/pórḱos

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The original meaning was "digger", from *perḱ- (to dig) +‎ *-os. See also furrow.

Noun[edit]

*pórḱos m

  1. piglet

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
singular
nominative *pórḱos
genitive *pórḱosyo
singular dual plural
nominative *pórḱos *pórḱoh₁ *pórḱoes
vocative *pórḱe *pórḱoh₁ *pórḱoes
accusative *pórḱom *pórḱoh₁ *pórḱoms
genitive *pórḱosyo *? *pórḱooHom
ablative *pórḱead *? *pórḱomos
dative *pórḱoey *? *pórḱomos
locative *pórḱey, *pórḱoy *? *pórḱoysu
instrumental *pórḱoh₁ *? *pórḱōys

Descendants[edit]

  • Balto-Slavic: *párśas
  • Celtic: *ɸorkos
  • Germanic: *farhaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *párĉas
    • Iranian: *párćah (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *porkos (see there for further descendants)
  • Lusitanian: porcom
  • Uralic: *porćas
    • Finnic: *porcas (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  • Buck, Carl Darling (1949) A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pages 160–161
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 137