Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/pr̥sḱéti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *preḱ- +‎ *-sḱéti, with simplification of the consonant cluster.

Verb[edit]

*pr̥sḱéti (imperfective)[1]

  1. to keep asking, to question

Inflection[edit]

Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *pr̥sḱéti
3rd plural *pr̥sḱónti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *pr̥sḱóh₂ *pr̥sḱóm *pr̥sḱṓh₂ *pr̥sḱóyh₁m̥
2nd singular *pr̥sḱési *pr̥sḱés *pr̥sḱé *pr̥sḱḗsi *pr̥sḱóys
3rd singular *pr̥sḱéti *pr̥sḱét *pr̥sḱétu *pr̥sḱḗti *pr̥sḱóyt
1st dual *pr̥sḱówos *pr̥sḱówe *pr̥sḱṓwos *pr̥sḱóywe
2nd dual *pr̥sḱétes *pr̥sḱétom *pr̥sḱétom *pr̥sḱḗtes *pr̥sḱóytom
3rd dual *pr̥sḱétes *pr̥sḱétām *pr̥sḱétām *pr̥sḱḗtes *pr̥sḱóytām
1st plural *pr̥sḱómos *pr̥sḱóme *pr̥sḱṓmos *pr̥sḱóyme
2nd plural *pr̥sḱéte *pr̥sḱéte *pr̥sḱéte *pr̥sḱḗte *pr̥sḱóyte
3rd plural *pr̥sḱónti *pr̥sḱónt *pr̥sḱóntu *pr̥sḱṓnti *pr̥sḱóyh₁n̥t
Participle *pr̥sḱónts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *pr̥sḱóh₂er *pr̥sḱóh₂e *pr̥sḱṓh₂er *pr̥sḱóyh₂e
2nd singular *pr̥sḱéth₂er *pr̥sḱéth₂e *pr̥sḱéso *pr̥sḱḗth₂er *pr̥sḱóyth₂e
3rd singular *pr̥sḱétor *pr̥sḱéto *? *pr̥sḱḗtor *pr̥sḱóyto, *pr̥sḱóyh₁o
1st dual *pr̥sḱówosdʰh₂ *pr̥sḱówedʰh₂ *pr̥sḱṓwosdʰh₂ *pr̥sḱóywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *pr̥sḱómosdʰh₂ *pr̥sḱómedʰh₂ *pr̥sḱṓmosdʰh₂ *pr̥sḱóymedʰh₂
2nd plural *pr̥sḱédʰh₂we *pr̥sḱédʰh₂we *pr̥sḱédʰh₂we *pr̥sḱḗdʰh₂we *pr̥sḱóydʰh₂we
3rd plural *pr̥sḱóror, *pr̥sḱóntor *pr̥sḱóro, *pr̥sḱónto *? *pr̥sḱṓror, *pr̥sḱṓntor *pr̥sḱóyro, *pr̥sḱóyh₁n̥to
Participle *pr̥sḱómnos

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: հարցանեմ (harcʿanem)
  • Celtic: *ɸarsketi (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *furskō (deverbal noun) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *furskōną (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *pr̥šćáti (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *porskō

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press