Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/preh₂-

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *per- (before).

Root[edit]

*preh₂-

  1. before, in front

Derived terms[edit]

  • *préh₂-i (before, locative) or *pr̥h₂-ey[1]
    • Proto-Italic: *prāi or *prai
      • Latin: prae, prae- (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Italic: *praiteros (< *préh₂i + *-teros)
      • Latin: praeter (see there for further descendants)
  • *pr̥h₂-i (zero-grade locative)
    • Proto-Celtic: *ɸare < *ɸari (-e is secondary) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Germanic: *furi (see there for further descendants)
  • *pr̥h₂-ó
  • *pr̥h₂-ey[2]
  • *pr̥h₂-oy
    • Proto-Germanic: *furai (see there for further descendants)
  • *pr̥h₂-yós- ~ *pr̥h₂-is- (comparative)
  • *pr̥h₂-ós
    • Proto-Albanian: *par-
    • Proto-Albanian: [Term?]
    • Proto-Hellenic: [Term?]
      • Ancient Greek: πάρος (páros, earlier, before)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *pr̥Hás
      • Proto-Indo-Aryan: *pr̥Hás
        • Sanskrit: पुरस् (purás, before, forwards) (see there for further descendants)
  • *pr̥h₂-wó-s

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, § 75.4
  2. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, § 75.4