Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/preyH-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*preyH-[1][2][3][4][5][6]

  1. to love, to please

Derived terms[edit]


  • *priH-yeti (ye-present)[1]
  • *pri-né-H-ti ~ *pri-n-H-énti (nasal-infix present)[4]
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
      • Iranian: *fraiH- (to rejoice, please)[5]
        • Avestan: 𐬟𐬭𐬍𐬥𐬁𐬌 (frīnāi, to rejoice, please)
        • Iranian: *ā-fraiH-[5]
          • Younger Avestan: 𐬁𐬟𐬭𐬍𐬥𐬁𐬨𐬌 (āfrīnāmi, to bless)
          • Khotanese: [script needed] (āvun-, to approve)
          • Kurdish:
            Northern Kurdish: afrandin (āfrāndin, to create)
            Central Kurdish: ئافراندن (āfrāndin, to create)
          • Parthian: [script needed] (’fryn-, to bless)
          • Middle Persian:
            • Manichaean: [script needed] (’fryn-), [script needed] (’fwr-), [script needed] (’pwr-, to create, to bless)
            • Book Pahlavi: [script needed] (’p̄lyn-), [script needed] (’p̄wl, to create, to bless)
          • Sogdian: [script needed] (’’pryn) (Buddhist), [script needed] (’fryn) (Christian), [script needed] (’’fryn), [script needed] (’’βryn, to create) (Manichaean)
          • → Old Armenian: աւրհնեմ (awrhnem)
  • *prḗy-s-t ~ *préy-s-n̥t (s-aorist)[4]
  • *priH-ós (beloved, happy)[1][3][2] (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*fri(j)ōn-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 155: “*priH-”
  2. 2.0 2.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “proprius”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 493: “*priH-”
  3. 3.0 3.1 Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 343: “*prihₓ-”
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*preiH-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 87
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Cheung, Johnny (2007), “fraiH”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 87: “*preiH-”
  6. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*prijati”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 420: “*priH-”